Background/Purpose: Despite improvements in the surgical management of biliary atresia, the long-term incidence of progressive liver failure remains high. Because chronic inflammation involving both bile ducts and liver parenchyma contributes to the pathology, the authors have hypothesized that the liver damage may be altered using immunosuppressive therapy. The aim of this study was to examine the safety and efficacy of long-term steroid therapy in patients with biliary atresia. Methods: A retrospective analysis of all patients with biliary atresia treated with an hepatoportoenterostomy and postoperative steroid therapy at our 3 institutions was undertaken. Patients were treated uniformly with immunosuppressive doses of oral steroids for a minimum of 6 weeks after surgery. Results: Twenty-five infants with biliary atresia were treated with steroid therapy. Overall survival rate was 22 patients (88%) with a mean follow-up period of 50 months. Nineteen patients (76%) became jaundice free with native liver function. Four patients (16%) did not respond to treatment and required transplantation. Age less than 12 weeks was a crucial predictor of success of adjuvant steroid therapy. Cholangitis developed in 8 patients (32%). There were no complications caused by steroid therapy. Conclusions: Steroid administration at immunosuppressive doses markedly improves the clinical outcome within the first 5 years after surgery as measured by jaundice-free status and survival without liver transplantation when compared with concurrent reports. These results suggest that immunosuppressive therapy is safe and has a positive impact on the clinical course of this disease. However, a randomized study is needed to ultimately prove such an hypothesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health