Impact bruise responses for "Jazz™ apple on different materials of catch surface

Han Fu, Long He, Shaochun Ma, Manoj Karkee, Du Chen, Qin Zhang, Shumao Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

To gain an understanding on how cushioning materials could absorb the impact force to reduce fruit bruising in shake-and-catch harvest system, an experimental study using a developed pendulum impact platform was conducted to investigate the bruise response to impact forces. Three types of cushioning materials (Polyurethane foam) were used as impacting surface by covering on an aluminum plate. Polyurethane foams with same thickness(12.7 mm) but varying pressure rating (at 25% deflection) were used to exert impact on a stationary whole apple sitting freely on a horizontal surface. Seven different levels of impacts which were applied at three different zones of 'Jazz' apples: top, middle and bottom. Each level was repeated 50 times at each zone. Results showed that no apple bruising was checked when impacted on or below 22 N by the aluminum plate, regardless of impact zones. The non-bruising impact force increased to 95, 160 and 160 N after foams with 2.1(Foam 1), 4.8 (Foam 2), and 9.7-11 kPa (Foam 3) pressure ratings were used respectively. Based on USDA Grades and Standards, it was found that a 100% of apple would maintain "Extra Fancy™ quality under 115, 171, or 180 N of impact force when impacted respectively by the tested foams. These results indicated that Foam 2 and Foam 3 provided better cushioning as the fruit were maintained at fresh market quality level compared to the same with aluminum plate and Foam 1, while the difference between Foam 2 and Foam 3 was slight.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, ASABE 2016
PublisherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9781510828759
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Event2016 ASABE Annual International Meeting - Orlando, United States
Duration: Jul 17 2016Jul 20 2016

Publication series

Name2016 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, ASABE 2016

Other

Other2016 ASABE Annual International Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period7/17/167/20/16

Fingerprint

bruising (plant)
foams
Foams
apples
Aluminum
aluminum
Fruits
polyurethanes
Polyurethanes
standards and grades
Pendulums
fresh market
USDA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Fu, H., He, L., Ma, S., Karkee, M., Chen, D., Zhang, Q., & Wang, S. (2016). Impact bruise responses for "Jazz™ apple on different materials of catch surface. In 2016 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, ASABE 2016 (2016 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, ASABE 2016). American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. https://doi.org/10.13031/aim.20162461461
Fu, Han ; He, Long ; Ma, Shaochun ; Karkee, Manoj ; Chen, Du ; Zhang, Qin ; Wang, Shumao. / Impact bruise responses for "Jazz™ apple on different materials of catch surface. 2016 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, ASABE 2016. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2016. (2016 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, ASABE 2016).
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abstract = "To gain an understanding on how cushioning materials could absorb the impact force to reduce fruit bruising in shake-and-catch harvest system, an experimental study using a developed pendulum impact platform was conducted to investigate the bruise response to impact forces. Three types of cushioning materials (Polyurethane foam) were used as impacting surface by covering on an aluminum plate. Polyurethane foams with same thickness(12.7 mm) but varying pressure rating (at 25{\%} deflection) were used to exert impact on a stationary whole apple sitting freely on a horizontal surface. Seven different levels of impacts which were applied at three different zones of 'Jazz' apples: top, middle and bottom. Each level was repeated 50 times at each zone. Results showed that no apple bruising was checked when impacted on or below 22 N by the aluminum plate, regardless of impact zones. The non-bruising impact force increased to 95, 160 and 160 N after foams with 2.1(Foam 1), 4.8 (Foam 2), and 9.7-11 kPa (Foam 3) pressure ratings were used respectively. Based on USDA Grades and Standards, it was found that a 100{\%} of apple would maintain {"}Extra Fancy™ quality under 115, 171, or 180 N of impact force when impacted respectively by the tested foams. These results indicated that Foam 2 and Foam 3 provided better cushioning as the fruit were maintained at fresh market quality level compared to the same with aluminum plate and Foam 1, while the difference between Foam 2 and Foam 3 was slight.",
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Fu, H, He, L, Ma, S, Karkee, M, Chen, D, Zhang, Q & Wang, S 2016, Impact bruise responses for "Jazz™ apple on different materials of catch surface. in 2016 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, ASABE 2016. 2016 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, ASABE 2016, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2016 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Orlando, United States, 7/17/16. https://doi.org/10.13031/aim.20162461461

Impact bruise responses for "Jazz™ apple on different materials of catch surface. / Fu, Han; He, Long; Ma, Shaochun; Karkee, Manoj; Chen, Du; Zhang, Qin; Wang, Shumao.

2016 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, ASABE 2016. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2016. (2016 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, ASABE 2016).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Fu H, He L, Ma S, Karkee M, Chen D, Zhang Q et al. Impact bruise responses for "Jazz™ apple on different materials of catch surface. In 2016 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, ASABE 2016. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. 2016. (2016 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, ASABE 2016). https://doi.org/10.13031/aim.20162461461