Impact of Diet, Body Mass Index, and Physical Activity on Cancer Survival

Ellen Kampman, Alina Vrieling, Fränzel J. van Duijnhoven, Renate Winkels

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With the increase in the number of cancer patients worldwide in the coming years, the need for knowledge on the influence of lifestyle factors on cancer survival is increasing. In this paper, the current knowledge on diet, body mass index, and physical activity in relation to cancer outcome is summarized. Also, challenges are identified to be addressed to provide evidence-based recommendations for cancer patients. Studies in patients with breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer show that the influence of dietary factors on survival remains to be determined. Adiposity and a lack of physical activity, however, appear to influence cancer outcome negatively. Subsequent studies should focus on more detailed aspects of these lifestyle factors, such as body composition and dose of exercise, and on the timing with respect to diagnosis and treatment. Research should be directed toward investigating diet and physical activity simultaneously and on how changes in health behavior can be established.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-36
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Nutrition Reports
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

physical activity
body mass index
Body Mass Index
Exercise
Diet
neoplasms
Survival
diet
Neoplasms
lifestyle
Life Style
Health Behavior
Adiposity
adiposity
prostatic neoplasms
Body Composition
colorectal neoplasms
breasts
body composition
Colorectal Neoplasms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Kampman, Ellen ; Vrieling, Alina ; van Duijnhoven, Fränzel J. ; Winkels, Renate. / Impact of Diet, Body Mass Index, and Physical Activity on Cancer Survival. In: Current Nutrition Reports. 2012 ; Vol. 1, No. 1. pp. 30-36.
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Kampman, E, Vrieling, A, van Duijnhoven, FJ & Winkels, R 2012, 'Impact of Diet, Body Mass Index, and Physical Activity on Cancer Survival', Current Nutrition Reports, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 30-36. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13668-011-0004-9

Impact of Diet, Body Mass Index, and Physical Activity on Cancer Survival. / Kampman, Ellen; Vrieling, Alina; van Duijnhoven, Fränzel J.; Winkels, Renate.

In: Current Nutrition Reports, Vol. 1, No. 1, 01.01.2012, p. 30-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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