Impact of free trade agreements on Internet domain name arbitration cases: A cross-national comparison of the Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy

Bumgi Min, Ryan Yang Wang, Yang Bai, Jenna Grzeslo, Krishna Jayakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined whether the presence of a free trade agreement (FTA) between the United States and a foreign country significantly affected the outcomes of Internet domain name dispute arbitration cases, conducted within the framework of the Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP). Data were collected for 2797 arbitration cases filed during the 2001–2019 period from ten countries, five with US FTAs and five without. Logistic regression analysis, with controls for additional variables, found that complainants are less likely to win in FTA countries. The expectation from political economic theories predicting that FTA negotiations are used to obtain favorable legal environments for US businesses and individuals is not supported. This finding suggests that a more complicated and nuanced relationship exists between FTAs and UDRP decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPolicy and Internet
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Administration
  • Health Policy
  • Computer Science Applications

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