Spin-Transfer-Torque RAM (STTRAM) is a promising technology for high-density on-chip cache due to low standby power and high speed. However, the process variation of the Magnetic Tunnel Junction (MTJ) and access transistor poses a serious challenge to sensing. Nondestructive sensing suffers from reference resistance variation, whereas destructive sensing suffers from failures due to unoptimized selection of data and reference currents. Furthermore, the sense speed is tightly coupled with the reference/data current requirement. In this work, we study the process variation effect on a self-reference sensing scheme to eliminate bit-to-bit process variation in MTJ resistance. Read current modulation is proposed to overcome the failures due to process variation. Simulation results reveal <0.01% failures at the cost of 9ns sense time and 190uW power consumption.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems|
|State||Published - Oct 2017|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Hardware and Architecture
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering