Impact of Pulsatile Flow on Hemodynamic Energy in a Medos Deltastream DP3 Pediatric Extracorporeal Life Support System

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Abstract

The Medos Deltastream DP3 system is made up of a novel diagonal pump and hollow-membrane oxygenator that provides nonpulsatile and pulsatile flows for extracorporeal life support (ECLS). The objectives of this study are to (i) evaluate the efficacy of the hemodynamic energy provided by Medos Deltastream DP3 system in nonpulsatile and pulsatile mode and (ii) to evaluate the pulsatile mode under different frequencies. The experimental ECLS circuit was used in this study, primed with Ringer's lactate and packed red blood cells (hematocrit 35%). All trials were conducted at flow rates of 500, 1000, 1500, and 2000mL/min with modified pulsatile frequencies of 60, 70, 80, and 90bpm at 36°C. Simultaneous blood flow and pressures at the pre/postoxygenator and pre/postcannula sites were recorded for quantification of the pulsatile perfusion-generated energy-equivalent pressure (EEP), surplus hemodynamic energy (SHE), and total hemodynamic energy (THE). The experiments showed that under pulsatile flow conditions, at all flow rates and frequencies, (i) the EEP, SHE, and THE were significantly higher when compared with the nonpulsatile group and (ii) the pressure drop was minimal at lower flow rates and lower pulsatile frequencies but was significant when either the flow rate or the pulsatile frequency was increased. The Medos Deltastream DP3 System can provide nonpulsatile flow and physiologic quality pulsatile flow for pediatric ECLS. When the Medos DP3 pediatric ECLS system is used with pulsatile flow, copy; 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-27
Number of pages9
JournalArtificial organs
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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Life Support Systems
Pulsatile Flow
Pulsatile flow
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
Pediatrics
Hemodynamics
Flow rate
Pressure
Blood
Oxygenators
Membrane Oxygenators
Artificial Organs
Artificial organs
Organ Transplantation
Hematocrit
Pressure drop
Erythrocytes
Cells
Pumps
Blood Pressure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Impact of Pulsatile Flow on Hemodynamic Energy in a Medos Deltastream DP3 Pediatric Extracorporeal Life Support System",
abstract = "The Medos Deltastream DP3 system is made up of a novel diagonal pump and hollow-membrane oxygenator that provides nonpulsatile and pulsatile flows for extracorporeal life support (ECLS). The objectives of this study are to (i) evaluate the efficacy of the hemodynamic energy provided by Medos Deltastream DP3 system in nonpulsatile and pulsatile mode and (ii) to evaluate the pulsatile mode under different frequencies. The experimental ECLS circuit was used in this study, primed with Ringer's lactate and packed red blood cells (hematocrit 35{\%}). All trials were conducted at flow rates of 500, 1000, 1500, and 2000mL/min with modified pulsatile frequencies of 60, 70, 80, and 90bpm at 36°C. Simultaneous blood flow and pressures at the pre/postoxygenator and pre/postcannula sites were recorded for quantification of the pulsatile perfusion-generated energy-equivalent pressure (EEP), surplus hemodynamic energy (SHE), and total hemodynamic energy (THE). The experiments showed that under pulsatile flow conditions, at all flow rates and frequencies, (i) the EEP, SHE, and THE were significantly higher when compared with the nonpulsatile group and (ii) the pressure drop was minimal at lower flow rates and lower pulsatile frequencies but was significant when either the flow rate or the pulsatile frequency was increased. The Medos Deltastream DP3 System can provide nonpulsatile flow and physiologic quality pulsatile flow for pediatric ECLS. When the Medos DP3 pediatric ECLS system is used with pulsatile flow, copy; 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation.",
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AU - Krawiec, Conrad

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AU - Kunselman, Allen R.

AU - Ündar, Akif

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N2 - The Medos Deltastream DP3 system is made up of a novel diagonal pump and hollow-membrane oxygenator that provides nonpulsatile and pulsatile flows for extracorporeal life support (ECLS). The objectives of this study are to (i) evaluate the efficacy of the hemodynamic energy provided by Medos Deltastream DP3 system in nonpulsatile and pulsatile mode and (ii) to evaluate the pulsatile mode under different frequencies. The experimental ECLS circuit was used in this study, primed with Ringer's lactate and packed red blood cells (hematocrit 35%). All trials were conducted at flow rates of 500, 1000, 1500, and 2000mL/min with modified pulsatile frequencies of 60, 70, 80, and 90bpm at 36°C. Simultaneous blood flow and pressures at the pre/postoxygenator and pre/postcannula sites were recorded for quantification of the pulsatile perfusion-generated energy-equivalent pressure (EEP), surplus hemodynamic energy (SHE), and total hemodynamic energy (THE). The experiments showed that under pulsatile flow conditions, at all flow rates and frequencies, (i) the EEP, SHE, and THE were significantly higher when compared with the nonpulsatile group and (ii) the pressure drop was minimal at lower flow rates and lower pulsatile frequencies but was significant when either the flow rate or the pulsatile frequency was increased. The Medos Deltastream DP3 System can provide nonpulsatile flow and physiologic quality pulsatile flow for pediatric ECLS. When the Medos DP3 pediatric ECLS system is used with pulsatile flow, copy; 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation.

AB - The Medos Deltastream DP3 system is made up of a novel diagonal pump and hollow-membrane oxygenator that provides nonpulsatile and pulsatile flows for extracorporeal life support (ECLS). The objectives of this study are to (i) evaluate the efficacy of the hemodynamic energy provided by Medos Deltastream DP3 system in nonpulsatile and pulsatile mode and (ii) to evaluate the pulsatile mode under different frequencies. The experimental ECLS circuit was used in this study, primed with Ringer's lactate and packed red blood cells (hematocrit 35%). All trials were conducted at flow rates of 500, 1000, 1500, and 2000mL/min with modified pulsatile frequencies of 60, 70, 80, and 90bpm at 36°C. Simultaneous blood flow and pressures at the pre/postoxygenator and pre/postcannula sites were recorded for quantification of the pulsatile perfusion-generated energy-equivalent pressure (EEP), surplus hemodynamic energy (SHE), and total hemodynamic energy (THE). The experiments showed that under pulsatile flow conditions, at all flow rates and frequencies, (i) the EEP, SHE, and THE were significantly higher when compared with the nonpulsatile group and (ii) the pressure drop was minimal at lower flow rates and lower pulsatile frequencies but was significant when either the flow rate or the pulsatile frequency was increased. The Medos Deltastream DP3 System can provide nonpulsatile flow and physiologic quality pulsatile flow for pediatric ECLS. When the Medos DP3 pediatric ECLS system is used with pulsatile flow, copy; 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation.

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