Impact of Shrinking Fracture Length and Decreasing Fracture Conductivity on Bottom-Hole Pressure Performance: A Semi-Analytical Model to Characterize Waterflood-Induced Fracture Around Water Injection Well

Y. Wang, S. Cheng, K. Zhang, Luis Ayala H., J. Qin, Y. He

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is growing evidence showing that water injection may induce formation fracturing around injectors in tight reservoirs. Because waterflood-induced fractures (WIFs) are not strengthed by proppants, they close gradually during the field-testing period, which results in "fracture-closure-induced" flow rate, shrinking fracture length (SFL) and decreasing fracture conductivity (DFC). In this paper, we propose a novel semi-analytical model to characterize the BHP behavior of water injectors under the influence of WIF. We consider that pressure losses take place within three sections: reservoir, WIF and wellbore. Flows between reservoir and WIF are linked through a fracture-storage coefficient and fracture-face skin factor, while flows between WIF and wellbore are coupled via wellbore-storage coefficient and choked-fracture skin factor. Finite difference and perturbation theory methods are deployed to include the SFL and DFC effects, respectively. Duhamel principle is invoked to characterize flow rate changes caused by wellbore and fracture storage effects. Results show that bi-storage effects can be identified as two unit slopes in the pressure derivative curve. In the abscense of extra pressure drop between wellbore and WIF, i.e., choked-fracture skin equals to zero, a prolonged storage period with a considerably large storage coefficient can be obtained. In addition, we find that SFL could cause the variable fracture storage effect while DFC may lead to the upward of pressure derivative curve at late times. Finally, the model is successfully applied in the Changqing Oilfield to validate its reliability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional Meeting 2018
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers (SPE)
ISBN (Electronic)9781510862425
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
EventSPE Western Regional Meeting 2018 - Garden Grove, United States
Duration: Apr 22 2018Apr 26 2018

Publication series

NameSPE Western Regional Meeting Proceedings
Volume2018-April

Other

OtherSPE Western Regional Meeting 2018
CountryUnited States
CityGarden Grove
Period4/22/184/26/18

Fingerprint

Bottom hole pressure
Water injection
Analytical models
Skin
Flow rate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Wang, Y., Cheng, S., Zhang, K., Ayala H., L., Qin, J., & He, Y. (2018). Impact of Shrinking Fracture Length and Decreasing Fracture Conductivity on Bottom-Hole Pressure Performance: A Semi-Analytical Model to Characterize Waterflood-Induced Fracture Around Water Injection Well. In Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional Meeting 2018 (SPE Western Regional Meeting Proceedings; Vol. 2018-April). Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE).
Wang, Y. ; Cheng, S. ; Zhang, K. ; Ayala H., Luis ; Qin, J. ; He, Y. / Impact of Shrinking Fracture Length and Decreasing Fracture Conductivity on Bottom-Hole Pressure Performance : A Semi-Analytical Model to Characterize Waterflood-Induced Fracture Around Water Injection Well. Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional Meeting 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), 2018. (SPE Western Regional Meeting Proceedings).
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abstract = "There is growing evidence showing that water injection may induce formation fracturing around injectors in tight reservoirs. Because waterflood-induced fractures (WIFs) are not strengthed by proppants, they close gradually during the field-testing period, which results in {"}fracture-closure-induced{"} flow rate, shrinking fracture length (SFL) and decreasing fracture conductivity (DFC). In this paper, we propose a novel semi-analytical model to characterize the BHP behavior of water injectors under the influence of WIF. We consider that pressure losses take place within three sections: reservoir, WIF and wellbore. Flows between reservoir and WIF are linked through a fracture-storage coefficient and fracture-face skin factor, while flows between WIF and wellbore are coupled via wellbore-storage coefficient and choked-fracture skin factor. Finite difference and perturbation theory methods are deployed to include the SFL and DFC effects, respectively. Duhamel principle is invoked to characterize flow rate changes caused by wellbore and fracture storage effects. Results show that bi-storage effects can be identified as two unit slopes in the pressure derivative curve. In the abscense of extra pressure drop between wellbore and WIF, i.e., choked-fracture skin equals to zero, a prolonged storage period with a considerably large storage coefficient can be obtained. In addition, we find that SFL could cause the variable fracture storage effect while DFC may lead to the upward of pressure derivative curve at late times. Finally, the model is successfully applied in the Changqing Oilfield to validate its reliability.",
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Wang, Y, Cheng, S, Zhang, K, Ayala H., L, Qin, J & He, Y 2018, Impact of Shrinking Fracture Length and Decreasing Fracture Conductivity on Bottom-Hole Pressure Performance: A Semi-Analytical Model to Characterize Waterflood-Induced Fracture Around Water Injection Well. in Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional Meeting 2018. SPE Western Regional Meeting Proceedings, vol. 2018-April, Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), SPE Western Regional Meeting 2018, Garden Grove, United States, 4/22/18.

Impact of Shrinking Fracture Length and Decreasing Fracture Conductivity on Bottom-Hole Pressure Performance : A Semi-Analytical Model to Characterize Waterflood-Induced Fracture Around Water Injection Well. / Wang, Y.; Cheng, S.; Zhang, K.; Ayala H., Luis; Qin, J.; He, Y.

Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional Meeting 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), 2018. (SPE Western Regional Meeting Proceedings; Vol. 2018-April).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - There is growing evidence showing that water injection may induce formation fracturing around injectors in tight reservoirs. Because waterflood-induced fractures (WIFs) are not strengthed by proppants, they close gradually during the field-testing period, which results in "fracture-closure-induced" flow rate, shrinking fracture length (SFL) and decreasing fracture conductivity (DFC). In this paper, we propose a novel semi-analytical model to characterize the BHP behavior of water injectors under the influence of WIF. We consider that pressure losses take place within three sections: reservoir, WIF and wellbore. Flows between reservoir and WIF are linked through a fracture-storage coefficient and fracture-face skin factor, while flows between WIF and wellbore are coupled via wellbore-storage coefficient and choked-fracture skin factor. Finite difference and perturbation theory methods are deployed to include the SFL and DFC effects, respectively. Duhamel principle is invoked to characterize flow rate changes caused by wellbore and fracture storage effects. Results show that bi-storage effects can be identified as two unit slopes in the pressure derivative curve. In the abscense of extra pressure drop between wellbore and WIF, i.e., choked-fracture skin equals to zero, a prolonged storage period with a considerably large storage coefficient can be obtained. In addition, we find that SFL could cause the variable fracture storage effect while DFC may lead to the upward of pressure derivative curve at late times. Finally, the model is successfully applied in the Changqing Oilfield to validate its reliability.

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M3 - Conference contribution

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Wang Y, Cheng S, Zhang K, Ayala H. L, Qin J, He Y. Impact of Shrinking Fracture Length and Decreasing Fracture Conductivity on Bottom-Hole Pressure Performance: A Semi-Analytical Model to Characterize Waterflood-Induced Fracture Around Water Injection Well. In Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional Meeting 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE). 2018. (SPE Western Regional Meeting Proceedings).