Using the combined 1989-1991 Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals, the impact of specific fat reduction strategies on macro- and micronutrient intake of American males, females and children over age two was determined. Strategies included exclusive use of skim milk when consuming milk, lean meats when consuming meats, and/or fat-modified versions of cheese, salad dressing, cake, pudding and yogurt in place of their higher-fat counterparts. ANOVA was used to compare energy and nutrient intake between groups. Although Americans were in the early stages of adopting these fat reduction strategies, their use by adults favorably impacted their nutrient intake. Fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, and energy were lower, and intake of most vitamins and minerals was higher with use of any strategy. Adults who used two or three fat reduction strategies achieved the National Cholesterol Education Program goals for total fat (£30% energy from fat), saturated fat (£10% energy) and cholesterol (<300 mg), and significantly reduced their total energy intake while maintaining adequate micronutrient intakes. Children who used exclusively skim milk closely approximated these goals while maintaining adequate energy and micronutrient intake. Children who used available fatmodified products did not impact their nutrient intake at all. Children's exclusive use of lean meats must be carefully monitored as this practice resulted in significantly lower energy intakes when compared to children who used higher-fat meats in their diet. These results suggest a simple way families can begin to safely impact fat, saturated fat andcholesterol intake for each family member would be to select skim milk as their initial fat reduction strategy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1996|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology