The combustor-turbine interface is an essential component in a gas turbine engine as it allows for thermal expansion between the first stage turbine vanes and combustor section. Although not considered as part of the external cooling scheme, leakage flow from the combustor-turbine interface can be utilized as coolant. This paper reports on the effects of orientation of a two-dimensional leakage slot, simulating the combustor-turbine interface, on the net heat flux reduction to a nozzle guide vane endwall. In addition to adiabatic effectiveness and heat transfer measurements, time-resolved, digital particle image velocimetry (TRDPIV) measurements were performed in the vane stagnation plane. Four interface slot orientations of 90 deg, 65 deg, 45 deg, and 30 deg located at 17% axial chord upstream of a first vane in a linear cascade were studied. Results indicate that reducing the slot angle to 45 deg can provide as much as a 137% reduction to the average heat load experienced by the endwall. Velocity measurements indicate the formation of a large leading edge vortex for coolant injected at 90 deg and 65 deg while coolant injected at 45 deg and 30 deg flows along the endwall and washes up the vane surface at the endwall junction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering