This paper investigates the stability of a modular multi-level converter (MMC) based HVDC system connected to a weak ac grid. Impedance analysis is used to study the interactions between the weak ac grid and the converter. For this, the impedance of the MMC is first derived considering various outer- and inner-loop controllers. The Nyquist-stability criterion is then used to analyze the stability of the MMC connected to the weak ac grid for various case studies. The impact of circulating current controller on the stability of the MMC connected to the weak ac grid is also validated for two different types of outer-loop controllers. Finally, time-domain simulations are carried out using MATLAB/Simscape Power System toolbox to validate the analytical results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering