We study SU(N) fermions in the limit of infinite on-site repulsion between all species. We focus on states in which every pair of consecutive fermions carries a different spin flavor. Since the particle order cannot be changed (because of the infinite on-site repulsion) and contiguous fermions have a different spin flavor, we refer to the corresponding constrained model as the model of distinguishable quantum particles. We introduce an exact numerical method to calculate equilibrium one-body correlations of distinguishable quantum particles based on a mapping onto noninteracting spinless fermions. In contrast to most many-body systems in one dimension, which usually exhibit either power-law or exponential decay of off-diagonal one-body correlations with distance, distinguishable quantum particles exhibit a Gaussian decay of one-body correlations in the ground state, while finite-temperature correlations are well described by stretched exponential decay.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics