Implicit Spatial Contextual Learning in Healthy Aging

James H. Howard, Nancy Anne Coulter Dennis, Darlene V. Howard, Helen Yankovich, Chandan J. Vaidya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three experiments investigated the aging of implicit spatial and spatiotemporal context learning in 2 tasks. In contextual cuing, people learn to use repeated spatial configurations to facilitate search for a target, whereas in higher order serial learning, they learn to use subtle sequence regularities to respond more quickly and accurately to a series of events. Results reveal a dissociation; overall contextual cuing is spared in healthy aging, whereas higher order sequence learning is impaired in the same individuals. This finding suggests that these 2 forms of implicit learning rely on different neural substrates that age differently; the results are also consistent with recent evidence that fronto-striatal circuits are particularly susceptible to decline in health aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-134
Number of pages11
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Fingerprint

Learning
Serial Learning
Corpus Striatum
Health
Spatial Learning
Contextual
Implicit Learning
Dissociation
Sequence Learning
Regularity
Substrate
Experiment
Serial Order

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Howard, J. H., Dennis, N. A. C., Howard, D. V., Yankovich, H., & Vaidya, C. J. (2004). Implicit Spatial Contextual Learning in Healthy Aging. Neuropsychology, 18(1), 124-134. https://doi.org/10.1037/0894-4105.18.1.124
Howard, James H. ; Dennis, Nancy Anne Coulter ; Howard, Darlene V. ; Yankovich, Helen ; Vaidya, Chandan J. / Implicit Spatial Contextual Learning in Healthy Aging. In: Neuropsychology. 2004 ; Vol. 18, No. 1. pp. 124-134.
@article{0e1a4a7ee14b45e18be337bf2a024c6d,
title = "Implicit Spatial Contextual Learning in Healthy Aging",
abstract = "Three experiments investigated the aging of implicit spatial and spatiotemporal context learning in 2 tasks. In contextual cuing, people learn to use repeated spatial configurations to facilitate search for a target, whereas in higher order serial learning, they learn to use subtle sequence regularities to respond more quickly and accurately to a series of events. Results reveal a dissociation; overall contextual cuing is spared in healthy aging, whereas higher order sequence learning is impaired in the same individuals. This finding suggests that these 2 forms of implicit learning rely on different neural substrates that age differently; the results are also consistent with recent evidence that fronto-striatal circuits are particularly susceptible to decline in health aging.",
author = "Howard, {James H.} and Dennis, {Nancy Anne Coulter} and Howard, {Darlene V.} and Helen Yankovich and Vaidya, {Chandan J.}",
year = "2004",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/0894-4105.18.1.124",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "124--134",
journal = "Neuropsychology",
issn = "0894-4105",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

Howard, JH, Dennis, NAC, Howard, DV, Yankovich, H & Vaidya, CJ 2004, 'Implicit Spatial Contextual Learning in Healthy Aging', Neuropsychology, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 124-134. https://doi.org/10.1037/0894-4105.18.1.124

Implicit Spatial Contextual Learning in Healthy Aging. / Howard, James H.; Dennis, Nancy Anne Coulter; Howard, Darlene V.; Yankovich, Helen; Vaidya, Chandan J.

In: Neuropsychology, Vol. 18, No. 1, 01.01.2004, p. 124-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Implicit Spatial Contextual Learning in Healthy Aging

AU - Howard, James H.

AU - Dennis, Nancy Anne Coulter

AU - Howard, Darlene V.

AU - Yankovich, Helen

AU - Vaidya, Chandan J.

PY - 2004/1/1

Y1 - 2004/1/1

N2 - Three experiments investigated the aging of implicit spatial and spatiotemporal context learning in 2 tasks. In contextual cuing, people learn to use repeated spatial configurations to facilitate search for a target, whereas in higher order serial learning, they learn to use subtle sequence regularities to respond more quickly and accurately to a series of events. Results reveal a dissociation; overall contextual cuing is spared in healthy aging, whereas higher order sequence learning is impaired in the same individuals. This finding suggests that these 2 forms of implicit learning rely on different neural substrates that age differently; the results are also consistent with recent evidence that fronto-striatal circuits are particularly susceptible to decline in health aging.

AB - Three experiments investigated the aging of implicit spatial and spatiotemporal context learning in 2 tasks. In contextual cuing, people learn to use repeated spatial configurations to facilitate search for a target, whereas in higher order serial learning, they learn to use subtle sequence regularities to respond more quickly and accurately to a series of events. Results reveal a dissociation; overall contextual cuing is spared in healthy aging, whereas higher order sequence learning is impaired in the same individuals. This finding suggests that these 2 forms of implicit learning rely on different neural substrates that age differently; the results are also consistent with recent evidence that fronto-striatal circuits are particularly susceptible to decline in health aging.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0842281802&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0842281802&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0894-4105.18.1.124

DO - 10.1037/0894-4105.18.1.124

M3 - Article

C2 - 14744195

AN - SCOPUS:0842281802

VL - 18

SP - 124

EP - 134

JO - Neuropsychology

JF - Neuropsychology

SN - 0894-4105

IS - 1

ER -