Implicit terrorist networks: A two-mode social network analysis of terrorism in India

Rithvik Yarlagadda, Diane Helen Felmlee, Dinesh Verma, Scott Sigmund Gartner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies examine factors that lead to the emergence of terrorism and why some locations are more frequently targeted than others. However, much of the research assumes that terrorist incidents and groups are independent. We show that the assumption of independence is not always valid. Instead, we identify the conditions under which terrorist groups share choices over target locations, forming Implicit Terrorist Networks. We demonstrate the utility of this approach by examining Islamic terrorism in India (1990–2015). Using a two-mode network approach, we find that violent target locations are not independent of each other, but instead have a tendency to occur in clusters. The results highlight the patterns by which India has been targeted by a number of active, Islamic terrorist organizations over a 25-year period. More generally, our study: (1) demonstrates the utility of employing an Implicit Network approach to understanding terrorism, (2) shows that cluster analysis can assist in identifying terror group aliases, (3) identifies unexpected locations for violence that may indicate the involvement of external factors, providing leads for counter terrorism efforts, and (4) provides a tool for identifying the structures underlying patterns of global terrorism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSocial, Cultural, and Behavioral Modeling - 11th International Conference, SBP-BRiMS 2018, Proceedings
EditorsHalil Bisgin, Robert Thomson, Ayaz Hyder, Christopher Dancy
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages340-347
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783319933719
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Event11th International Conference on Social Computing, Behavioral-Cultural Modeling, and Prediction conference and Behavior Representation in Modeling and Simulation, SBP-BRiMS 2018 - Washington, United States
Duration: Jul 10 2018Jul 13 2018

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume10899 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other11th International Conference on Social Computing, Behavioral-Cultural Modeling, and Prediction conference and Behavior Representation in Modeling and Simulation, SBP-BRiMS 2018
CountryUnited States
CityWashington
Period7/10/187/13/18

Fingerprint

Terrorism
Social Network Analysis
India
Electric network analysis
Target
Cluster analysis
Cluster Analysis
Demonstrate
Valid

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

Yarlagadda, R., Felmlee, D. H., Verma, D., & Gartner, S. S. (2018). Implicit terrorist networks: A two-mode social network analysis of terrorism in India. In H. Bisgin, R. Thomson, A. Hyder, & C. Dancy (Eds.), Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Modeling - 11th International Conference, SBP-BRiMS 2018, Proceedings (pp. 340-347). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 10899 LNCS). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93372-6_37
Yarlagadda, Rithvik ; Felmlee, Diane Helen ; Verma, Dinesh ; Gartner, Scott Sigmund. / Implicit terrorist networks : A two-mode social network analysis of terrorism in India. Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Modeling - 11th International Conference, SBP-BRiMS 2018, Proceedings. editor / Halil Bisgin ; Robert Thomson ; Ayaz Hyder ; Christopher Dancy. Springer Verlag, 2018. pp. 340-347 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)).
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Yarlagadda, R, Felmlee, DH, Verma, D & Gartner, SS 2018, Implicit terrorist networks: A two-mode social network analysis of terrorism in India. in H Bisgin, R Thomson, A Hyder & C Dancy (eds), Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Modeling - 11th International Conference, SBP-BRiMS 2018, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), vol. 10899 LNCS, Springer Verlag, pp. 340-347, 11th International Conference on Social Computing, Behavioral-Cultural Modeling, and Prediction conference and Behavior Representation in Modeling and Simulation, SBP-BRiMS 2018, Washington, United States, 7/10/18. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93372-6_37

Implicit terrorist networks : A two-mode social network analysis of terrorism in India. / Yarlagadda, Rithvik; Felmlee, Diane Helen; Verma, Dinesh; Gartner, Scott Sigmund.

Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Modeling - 11th International Conference, SBP-BRiMS 2018, Proceedings. ed. / Halil Bisgin; Robert Thomson; Ayaz Hyder; Christopher Dancy. Springer Verlag, 2018. p. 340-347 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 10899 LNCS).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Yarlagadda R, Felmlee DH, Verma D, Gartner SS. Implicit terrorist networks: A two-mode social network analysis of terrorism in India. In Bisgin H, Thomson R, Hyder A, Dancy C, editors, Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Modeling - 11th International Conference, SBP-BRiMS 2018, Proceedings. Springer Verlag. 2018. p. 340-347. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93372-6_37