Importance of low-level jets to climate: A review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

239 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low-level jets (LLJs) occur frequently in many parts of the world. These low-level wind speed maxima are important for both the horizontal and vertical fluxes of temperature and moisture and have been found to be associated with the development and evolution of deep convection. Since deep convective activity produces a significant amount of upper-level cloudiness and is responsible for a large fraction of the warm season rainfall in the United States, the relationship between LLJs and deep convection suggests that LLJs are important contributors to regional climate. Results from a number of past studies are reviewed, and the potential for data from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program to augment our understanding of low-level jets is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1698-1711
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Climate
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Fingerprint

climate
convection
cloud cover
regional climate
wind velocity
moisture
rainfall
temperature
programme
radiation
world

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

@article{b6fac4dba2eb4809b9d717eaeef21d5c,
title = "Importance of low-level jets to climate: A review",
abstract = "Low-level jets (LLJs) occur frequently in many parts of the world. These low-level wind speed maxima are important for both the horizontal and vertical fluxes of temperature and moisture and have been found to be associated with the development and evolution of deep convection. Since deep convective activity produces a significant amount of upper-level cloudiness and is responsible for a large fraction of the warm season rainfall in the United States, the relationship between LLJs and deep convection suggests that LLJs are important contributors to regional climate. Results from a number of past studies are reviewed, and the potential for data from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program to augment our understanding of low-level jets is discussed.",
author = "Stensrud, {David Jonathan}",
year = "1996",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<1698:IOLLJT>2.0.CO;2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "1698--1711",
journal = "Journal of Climate",
issn = "0894-8755",
publisher = "American Meteorological Society",
number = "8",

}

Importance of low-level jets to climate : A review. / Stensrud, David Jonathan.

In: Journal of Climate, Vol. 9, No. 8, 01.01.1996, p. 1698-1711.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Importance of low-level jets to climate

T2 - A review

AU - Stensrud, David Jonathan

PY - 1996/1/1

Y1 - 1996/1/1

N2 - Low-level jets (LLJs) occur frequently in many parts of the world. These low-level wind speed maxima are important for both the horizontal and vertical fluxes of temperature and moisture and have been found to be associated with the development and evolution of deep convection. Since deep convective activity produces a significant amount of upper-level cloudiness and is responsible for a large fraction of the warm season rainfall in the United States, the relationship between LLJs and deep convection suggests that LLJs are important contributors to regional climate. Results from a number of past studies are reviewed, and the potential for data from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program to augment our understanding of low-level jets is discussed.

AB - Low-level jets (LLJs) occur frequently in many parts of the world. These low-level wind speed maxima are important for both the horizontal and vertical fluxes of temperature and moisture and have been found to be associated with the development and evolution of deep convection. Since deep convective activity produces a significant amount of upper-level cloudiness and is responsible for a large fraction of the warm season rainfall in the United States, the relationship between LLJs and deep convection suggests that LLJs are important contributors to regional climate. Results from a number of past studies are reviewed, and the potential for data from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program to augment our understanding of low-level jets is discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030438877&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030438877&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<1698:IOLLJT>2.0.CO;2

DO - 10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<1698:IOLLJT>2.0.CO;2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0030438877

VL - 9

SP - 1698

EP - 1711

JO - Journal of Climate

JF - Journal of Climate

SN - 0894-8755

IS - 8

ER -