Improved annealing furnace control for fuel efficiency and cycle time reduction

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Annealing heat treatment cycle times are often based on operator visual assessments of when the furnace load is up to operating temperature. Operator load-to-furnace color matching for annealing furnace control introduces process variation, long heat treatment cycle times, and excessive energy consumption. Improved control strategies for determining furnace load temperature can potentially yield more consistent products, increase productivity, and conserve energy. A project is currently underway to develop such a robust strategy appropriate for large natural gas fired annealing furnaces. Enhanced monitoring with advanced load and furnace sensors, such as infrared thermometers and gas flow meters has been evaluated. Using these sensor outputs, an annealing cycle control strategy has been developed that automatically adjusts for furnace dynamics and furnace loading. The developed control strategy proceeds by numerically evaluating analytical equations of transient one -dimensional heat diffusion and is capable of accurately determining center temperatures based on measured surface temperatures via an infrared thermometer. By directly measuring load surface temperature, the rate of change in temperature at the center of the cylindrical load can be quantified without prior knowledge of specific furnace characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMaterials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition MS and T'08
Pages1515-1527
Number of pages13
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
EventMaterials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08 - Pittsburgh, PA, United States
Duration: Oct 5 2008Oct 9 2008

Publication series

NameMaterials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08
Volume3

Other

OtherMaterials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh, PA
Period10/5/0810/9/08

Fingerprint

Furnaces
Annealing
Thermometers
Temperature
Heat treatment
Infrared radiation
Color matching
Sensors
Flow of gases
Natural gas
Energy utilization
Productivity
Monitoring

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Karnezos, T. C., Voigt, R. C., & Dispensa, G. (2008). Improved annealing furnace control for fuel efficiency and cycle time reduction. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition MS and T'08 (pp. 1515-1527). (Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08; Vol. 3).
Karnezos, Thomas C. ; Voigt, Robert Carl ; Dispensa, Gary. / Improved annealing furnace control for fuel efficiency and cycle time reduction. Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition MS and T'08. 2008. pp. 1515-1527 (Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08).
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Karnezos, TC, Voigt, RC & Dispensa, G 2008, Improved annealing furnace control for fuel efficiency and cycle time reduction. in Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition MS and T'08. Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08, vol. 3, pp. 1515-1527, Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08, Pittsburgh, PA, United States, 10/5/08.

Improved annealing furnace control for fuel efficiency and cycle time reduction. / Karnezos, Thomas C.; Voigt, Robert Carl; Dispensa, Gary.

Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition MS and T'08. 2008. p. 1515-1527 (Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08; Vol. 3).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Karnezos TC, Voigt RC, Dispensa G. Improved annealing furnace control for fuel efficiency and cycle time reduction. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition MS and T'08. 2008. p. 1515-1527. (Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08).