We extend and apply a model-independent analysis method developed earlier by Daly & Djorgovski to new super-nova, radio galaxy, and galaxy cluster samples to study the acceleration history of the universe and the properties of the dark energy. There is good agreement between results obtained with radio galaxies and supernovae, suggesting that both distance indicators are reliable. The deceleration parameter q(z) is obtained assuming only the validity of the FRW metric, allowing for a range of values of space curvature, and independent of a gravity theory and the physical nature of the contents of the universe. We show that q0 is independent of space curvature, and obtain q 0, = -0.48 ± 0.11. The transition redshift when q0 = 0 is zT = 0.78-0.27+0.08 for zero space curvature, and has a weak dependence on space curvature. We find good agreement between model-independent quantities and those predicted by general relativity, indicating that GR provides a good description of the data over look-back times often billion years.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science