Improved electrical power production of thermally regenerative batteries using a poly(phenylene oxide) based anion exchange membrane

Mohammad Rahimi, Liang Zhu, Kelly L. Kowalski, Xiuping Zhu, Christopher A. Gorski, Michael A. Hickner, Bruce E. Logan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thermally regenerative ammonia-based batteries (TRABs) can be used to harvest low-grade waste heat as electrical power. To improve TRAB performance, a series of benzyltrimethyl quaternary ammonium-functionalized poly(phenylene oxide) anion exchange membranes (BTMA-AEMs) were examined for their impact on performance relative to a commercial AEM (Selemion AMV). The synthesized AEMs had different degrees of functionalization (DF; 25% and 40%), and thicknesses (50, 100 and 150 μm). Power and energy densities were shown to be a function of both DF and membrane thickness. The power density of TRAB increased by 31% using a BTMA-AEM (40% DF, 50 μm thick; 106 ± 7 W m−2) compared to the Selemion (81 ± 5 W m−2). Moreover, the energy density increased by 13% when using a BTMA-based membrane (25% DF, 150 μm thick; 350 Wh m−3) compared to the Selemion membrane (311 Wh m−3). The thermal-electric conversion efficiency improved to 0.97% with the new membrane compared to 0.86% for the Selemion. This energy recovery was 7.0% relative to the Carnot efficiency, which was 1.8 times greater than the highest previously reported value of a system used to capture low-grade waste heat as electricity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)956-963
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume342
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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