Though formamidinium lead triiodide (FAPbI3) possesses a suitable band gap and good thermal stability, the phase transition from the pure black perovskite phase (α-phase) to the undesirable yellow nonperovskite polymorph (δ-phase) at room temperature, especially under humid air, hinders its practical application. Here, we investigate the intrinsic instability mechanism of the α-phase at ambient temperature and demonstrate the existence of an anisotropic strained lattice in the (111) plane that drives phase transformation into the δ-phase. Methylammonium bromide (MABr) alloying (or FAPbI3-MABr) was found to cause lattice contraction, thereby balancing the lattice strain. This led to dramatic improvement in the stability of α-FAPbI3. Solar cells fabricated using FAPbI3-MABr demonstrated significantly enhanced stability under the humid air.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Materials Chemistry