Background: Physician consultation in the Emergency Department (ED) can account for a significant portion of ED length of stay, which can lead to poor clinical outcomes. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether an institutional guideline could lead to a reduction in time between consult request and admission decision. This guideline codified a 90-min expected time interval to arrive and complete an admission disposition where the consulting and admitting service were the same in an academic ED with weekly audits and reports to departmental chairs and hospital administrators. Methods: This was a study of consultation times of patients who presented to an academic ED 6 months before the adoption of an institutional guideline and 6 months after the adoption of the guideline. Data measurement in both periods included the length of time from ED consult order to admission disposition, time of ED discharge, number of ED consultations (single and multiple), ED admissions, and the hospital discharge time of admitted patients. Results: Physician consult response time decreased from 121 min to 100 min (p < 0.0001), and patients left the ED 18 min earlier (p = 0.0221) after implementation of the consultation guideline despite more ED visits, consultations, and admissions in the post-implementation time period. Patients were discharged from the inpatient setting 50 min later (p < 0.0001) after implementation of the guideline. Conclusion: An institutional guideline codifying timely ED consultations led to a significant reduction in the time from ED consultation to admission disposition while also allowing patients to leave the ED earlier in a high-occupancy academic medical center. However, the discharge time of admitted hospital patients was later after implementation of the guideline.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Emergency Medicine