Shear vibration mode of piezoelectric ceramic has been widely used in energy harvesting for its high electromechanical coupling coefficient (k15) and high piezoelectric constant (d15). In this study, the effects of dimensions on the piezoelectric shear performance of PZT-5A type ceramic were initially studied with ATILA/GiD finite element simulation to improve k15, and verified by experiments. We found out k15 dominantly correlates with the ratio of width to thickness, and dimension optimization was conducted for the first and high order shear vibrations. As a result, a maximum electromechanical coupling coefficient for k15 shear-mode reaching 0.612 was obtained in the first order harmonics. It is worth to note that the dimension ratio for optimized electro-mechanical coupling factor were in a similar scale regardless of the order of harmonics. In addition to the dimension optimization, the effect of mode coupling between shear vibration mode and unwanted mode was also investigated. The coupling between two vibrations did not only affect electromechanical coupling coefficient but also distorted resonance peak spectrum. Thus, the dimension ratios to avoid mode coupling was provided as the length should far away from the thickness. Finally, the effects of dimensions on mechanical quality factor were examined and the results were discussed. The mechanical quality factor will decrease when the mode coupling happens.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry