Although micron size forsterite is biocompatible, the degradation rate of this ceramic is extremely low, and the apatite formation ability is poor as well. In this study, the influence of nanostructure and the degree of crystallinity on the apatite formation ability and degradation rate were investigated. Forsterite was synthesized by 5 h of milling of talc and magnesium carbonate and subsequent annealing at 1000 °C in the presence of chloride ion. To investigate the in vitro bioactivity and degradability, the prepared forsterite powder was pressed in the form of tablets and then immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF) and Ringer's solution, respectively. The results showed that nanostructure forsterite powder with crystallite size of about 20 nm was bioactive and released magnesium ions in the SBF solution. With increasing crystallinity degree of nanostructure forsterite, the apatite formation ability and degradation rate decreased.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry