Improving the interpretability of TSK fuzzy models by combining global learning and local learning

John Yen, Liang Wang, Charles Wayne Gillespie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

281 Citations (SciVal)


The fuzzy inference system proposed by Takagi, Sugeno, and Kang, known as the TSK model in fuzzy system literature, provides a powerful tool for modeling complex nonlinear systems. Unlike conventional modeling where a single model is used to describe the global behavior of a system, TSK modeling is essentially a multimodel approach in which simple submodels (typically linear models) are combined to describe the global behavior of the system. Most existing learning algorithms for identifying the TSK model are based on minimizing the square of the residual between the overall outputs of the real system and the identified model. Although these algorithms can generate a TSK model with good global performance (i.e., the model is capable of approximating the given system with arbitrary accuracy, provided that sufficient rules are used and sufficient training data are available), they cannot guarantee the resulting model to have a good local performance. Often, the submodels in the TSK model may exhibit an erratic local behavior, which is difficult to interpret. Since one of the important motivations of using the TSK model (also other fuzzy models) is to gain insights into the model, it is important to investigate the interpretability issue of the TSK model. In this paper, we propose a new learning algorithm that integrates global learning and local learning in a single algorithmic framework. This algorithm uses the idea of local weighed regression and local approximation in nonparametric statistics, but remains the component of global fitting in the existing learning algorithms. The algorithm is capable of adjusting its parameters based on the user's preference, generating models with good tradeoff in terms of global fitting and local interpretation. We illustrate the performance of the proposed algorithm using a motorcycle crash modeling example.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)530-537
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Applied Mathematics


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