Let k be a sequence of triangulations of a polyhedron n and let S k be the associated finite element space of continuous, piecewise polynomials of degree m . Let u k S k be the finite element approximation of the solution u of a second-order, strongly elliptic system Pu = f with zero Dirichlet boundary conditions. We show that a weak approximation property of the sequence S k ensures optimal rates of convergence for the sequence u k . The method relies on certain a priori estimates in weighted Sobolev spaces for the system Pu = 0 that we establish. The weight is the distance to the set of singular boundary points. We obtain similar results for the Poisson problem with mixed Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions on a polygon.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Signal Processing
- Computer Science Applications
- Control and Optimization