In-situ observations of phase transformations during welding of 1045 steel using spatially resolved and time resolved x-ray diffraction

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Synchrotron-based methods have been developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) for the direct observation of microstructure evolution during welding. These techniques, known as spatially resolved (SRXRD) and time resolved (TRXRD) x-ray diffraction, allow in-situ experiments to be performed during welding, and provide direct observations of high temperature phases that form under the intense thermal cycles that occur. This paper presents observations of microstructural evolution that occur during the welding of a medium carbon AISI 1045 steel, using SRXRD to map the phases that are present during welding, and TRXRD to dynamically observe transformations during rapid heating and cooling. SRXRD was further used to determine the influence of welding heat input on the size of the high temperature austenite region, and the time required to completely homogenize this region during welding. These data can be used to determine the kinetics of phase transformations under the steep thermal gradients of welds, as well as to benchmark and verify phase transformation models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationModeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI
Pages41-51
Number of pages11
StatePublished - Dec 8 2006
EventModeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI - Opio, France
Duration: May 28 2006Jun 2 2006

Publication series

NameModeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI
Volume1

Other

OtherModeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI
CountryFrance
CityOpio
Period5/28/066/2/06

Fingerprint

Welding
Diffraction
Phase transitions
X rays
Steel
Microstructural evolution
Synchrotrons
Austenite
Thermal gradients
Welds
Cooling
Heating
Temperature
Microstructure
Kinetics
Carbon
Experiments
Hot Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Elmer, J. W., Palmer, T., & Debroy, T. (2006). In-situ observations of phase transformations during welding of 1045 steel using spatially resolved and time resolved x-ray diffraction. In Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI (pp. 41-51). (Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI; Vol. 1).
Elmer, J. W. ; Palmer, Todd ; Debroy, Tarasankar. / In-situ observations of phase transformations during welding of 1045 steel using spatially resolved and time resolved x-ray diffraction. Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI. 2006. pp. 41-51 (Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI).
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Elmer, JW, Palmer, T & Debroy, T 2006, In-situ observations of phase transformations during welding of 1045 steel using spatially resolved and time resolved x-ray diffraction. in Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI. Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI, vol. 1, pp. 41-51, Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI, Opio, France, 5/28/06.

In-situ observations of phase transformations during welding of 1045 steel using spatially resolved and time resolved x-ray diffraction. / Elmer, J. W.; Palmer, Todd; Debroy, Tarasankar.

Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI. 2006. p. 41-51 (Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI; Vol. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Elmer JW, Palmer T, Debroy T. In-situ observations of phase transformations during welding of 1045 steel using spatially resolved and time resolved x-ray diffraction. In Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI. 2006. p. 41-51. (Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - XI).