In situ polymerization of bio-based thermosetting polyurethane/graphene oxide nanocomposites

Jing Zhang, Chaoqun Zhang, Samy A. Madbouly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Novel bio-based polyurethane/graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposites have been successfully synthesized from biorenewable epoxidized soybean-castor oil fatty acid-based polyols with considerable improvement in mechanical and thermal properties. The GO was synthesized via a modified pressurized oxidation method, and was investigated using Raman spectra, AFM and XPS, respectively. The toughening mechanism of GO in the bio-based polyurethane matrix was explored. The elongation at break and toughness of polyurethane were increased by 1.3 and 0.8 times with incorporation of 0.4 wt % GO, respectively. However, insignificant changes in both mechanical strength and modulus were observed by adding GO. The results from thermal analysis indicated that the GO acts as new secondary soft segments in the polyurethane which lead to a considerable decrease in the glass transition temperature and crosslink density. The SEM morphology of the fracture surface after tensile testing showed a considerable aggregation of graphene oxide at concentrations above 0.4 wt %.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number41751
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume132
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Fingerprint

Polyurethanes
Graphite
Oxides
Graphene
Nanocomposites
Polymerization
Castor Oil
Polyols
Toughening
Tensile testing
Fatty acids
Thermoanalysis
Toughness
Strength of materials
Raman scattering
Elongation
Fatty Acids
Thermodynamic properties
Agglomeration
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "In situ polymerization of bio-based thermosetting polyurethane/graphene oxide nanocomposites",
abstract = "Novel bio-based polyurethane/graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposites have been successfully synthesized from biorenewable epoxidized soybean-castor oil fatty acid-based polyols with considerable improvement in mechanical and thermal properties. The GO was synthesized via a modified pressurized oxidation method, and was investigated using Raman spectra, AFM and XPS, respectively. The toughening mechanism of GO in the bio-based polyurethane matrix was explored. The elongation at break and toughness of polyurethane were increased by 1.3 and 0.8 times with incorporation of 0.4 wt {\%} GO, respectively. However, insignificant changes in both mechanical strength and modulus were observed by adding GO. The results from thermal analysis indicated that the GO acts as new secondary soft segments in the polyurethane which lead to a considerable decrease in the glass transition temperature and crosslink density. The SEM morphology of the fracture surface after tensile testing showed a considerable aggregation of graphene oxide at concentrations above 0.4 wt {\%}.",
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In situ polymerization of bio-based thermosetting polyurethane/graphene oxide nanocomposites. / Zhang, Jing; Zhang, Chaoqun; Madbouly, Samy A.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 132, No. 13, 41751, 01.04.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Novel bio-based polyurethane/graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposites have been successfully synthesized from biorenewable epoxidized soybean-castor oil fatty acid-based polyols with considerable improvement in mechanical and thermal properties. The GO was synthesized via a modified pressurized oxidation method, and was investigated using Raman spectra, AFM and XPS, respectively. The toughening mechanism of GO in the bio-based polyurethane matrix was explored. The elongation at break and toughness of polyurethane were increased by 1.3 and 0.8 times with incorporation of 0.4 wt % GO, respectively. However, insignificant changes in both mechanical strength and modulus were observed by adding GO. The results from thermal analysis indicated that the GO acts as new secondary soft segments in the polyurethane which lead to a considerable decrease in the glass transition temperature and crosslink density. The SEM morphology of the fracture surface after tensile testing showed a considerable aggregation of graphene oxide at concentrations above 0.4 wt %.

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