Novel bio-based polyurethane/graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposites have been successfully synthesized from biorenewable epoxidized soybean-castor oil fatty acid-based polyols with considerable improvement in mechanical and thermal properties. The GO was synthesized via a modified pressurized oxidation method, and was investigated using Raman spectra, AFM and XPS, respectively. The toughening mechanism of GO in the bio-based polyurethane matrix was explored. The elongation at break and toughness of polyurethane were increased by 1.3 and 0.8 times with incorporation of 0.4 wt % GO, respectively. However, insignificant changes in both mechanical strength and modulus were observed by adding GO. The results from thermal analysis indicated that the GO acts as new secondary soft segments in the polyurethane which lead to a considerable decrease in the glass transition temperature and crosslink density. The SEM morphology of the fracture surface after tensile testing showed a considerable aggregation of graphene oxide at concentrations above 0.4 wt %.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry