In Situ Stress and Pore Pressure in the Deep Interior of the Nankai Accretionary Prism, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site C0002

Hiroko Kitajima, Demian Saffer, Hiroki Sone, Harold Tobin, Takehiro Hirose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Strength and slip behaviors of subduction megathrusts are controlled by the physical properties and stress state not only of the fault zones themselves but also the adjacent wall rocks in overriding and subducting plates. In the Nankai Trough, a 3 km deep riser borehole at Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site C0002 was drilled into the Kumano fore-arc basin and the underlying accretionary prism. We quantify the full in situ stress tensor and pore pressure at Site C0002 by integrating drilling data, geophysical logging, and downhole measurements using empirical relations that describe sediment compaction behavior as a function of loading path. The Kumano Basin is loaded in uniaxial vertical strain conditions, whereas the prism below is loaded with greater differential stress, has a modestly elevated pore pressure, and lies in a strike-slip faulting regime. This can be reconciled with slip on the megathrust fault if the horizontal stresses vary with time or depth and/or if shear stress along the megathrust is low.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9644-9652
Number of pages9
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume44
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 16 2017

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in situ stress
accretionary prism
drilling
Ocean Drilling Program
pore pressure
prisms
oceans
slip
porosity
risers
riser
stress tensors
wall rock
boreholes
troughs
basin
shear stress
fault zone
compaction
faulting

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Strength and slip behaviors of subduction megathrusts are controlled by the physical properties and stress state not only of the fault zones themselves but also the adjacent wall rocks in overriding and subducting plates. In the Nankai Trough, a 3 km deep riser borehole at Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site C0002 was drilled into the Kumano fore-arc basin and the underlying accretionary prism. We quantify the full in situ stress tensor and pore pressure at Site C0002 by integrating drilling data, geophysical logging, and downhole measurements using empirical relations that describe sediment compaction behavior as a function of loading path. The Kumano Basin is loaded in uniaxial vertical strain conditions, whereas the prism below is loaded with greater differential stress, has a modestly elevated pore pressure, and lies in a strike-slip faulting regime. This can be reconciled with slip on the megathrust fault if the horizontal stresses vary with time or depth and/or if shear stress along the megathrust is low.",
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In Situ Stress and Pore Pressure in the Deep Interior of the Nankai Accretionary Prism, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site C0002. / Kitajima, Hiroko; Saffer, Demian; Sone, Hiroki; Tobin, Harold; Hirose, Takehiro.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, No. 19, 16.10.2017, p. 9644-9652.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kitajima, Hiroko

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AU - Hirose, Takehiro

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