In-situ studies of the oxide film properties on BWR fuel cladding materials

M. Bojinov, L. Hansson-Lyyra, P. Kinnunen, T. Saario, P. Sirkiä, M. Ramasubramanian, A. Motta, B. Kammenzind, Brian Cox, Lars Hallstadius, Gunnar Wikmark, B. Cheng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pre-transition oxides formed on five different types of Zircaloy-2 alloys have been characterized in-situ using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in high-temperature water simulating BWR conditions at 300°C. The contribution of the oxide film properties to the impedance spectra has been distinguished from the contribution of the corrosion reaction by performing additional EIS measurements in a gas atmosphere. To obtain a correlation between the oxide film thickness, the oxide growth rate, and the impedance parameters, the EIS data have been fitted to the transfer functions derived from the Mixed Conduction Model for oxide films. As a result, the oxide growth rate of each alloy has been calculated assuming that the growth rate is proportional to the flux of oxygen vacancies through the film. The values of the oxide film thickness based on the model calculations have proved to be in good agreement with the values measured from the cross-section micrographs of the specimens using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The measured corrosion properties have been qualitatively correlated to the secondary phase particle distributions of the five fuel cladding materials. However, to establish a quantitative correlation between the corrosion rates and the second phase particle distributions of these alloys, more data on the microstructure of the metal-oxide interface are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationZirconium in the NUCLEAR INDUSTRY - Fourteenth International Symposium
PublisherAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
Pages367-385
Number of pages19
Edition1467
ISBN (Print)0803134932, 9780803134935
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005
Event14th International Symposium on Zirconium in the NUCLEAR INDUSTRY - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: Jun 13 2004Jun 17 2004

Publication series

NameASTM Special Technical Publication
Number1467
ISSN (Print)0066-0558

Other

Other14th International Symposium on Zirconium in the NUCLEAR INDUSTRY
CountrySweden
CityStockholm
Period6/13/046/17/04

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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    Bojinov, M., Hansson-Lyyra, L., Kinnunen, P., Saario, T., Sirkiä, P., Ramasubramanian, M., Motta, A., Kammenzind, B., Cox, B., Hallstadius, L., Wikmark, G., & Cheng, B. (2005). In-situ studies of the oxide film properties on BWR fuel cladding materials. In Zirconium in the NUCLEAR INDUSTRY - Fourteenth International Symposium (1467 ed., pp. 367-385). (ASTM Special Technical Publication; No. 1467). American Society for Testing and Materials.