A series of nucleoside analogues were tested for in vivo anti-papillomavirus activity using the cottontail rabbit papillomavirus (CRPV) domestic rabbit model. Compounds were delivered either topically, injected into growing papillomas, or delivered subcutaneously at a site remote from the papillomas. Compounds tested included cidofovir [(S)-1-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)cytosine] (HPMPC); cyclic HPMPC (cHPMPC); cyclopentenylcytosine (CPE-C); lobucavir [1R(1α,2β,3α)]-9-[2,3-bis(hydroxymethyl)cyclobutyl]guanine; 9-((2-phosphonylmethoxy)propyl)adenine (PMPA); adefovir 9-((2-phosphonylmethoxy)ethyl)adenine(PMEA) and cyclopropyl 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)-2,6-diaminopurine (cyclopropylPMEDAP). Dose response curves and time-course treatments were included for most compounds tested. Strong anti-viral activity was detected using cidofovir and cHPMPC when delivered either topically or by the intralesional route. Complete cures were obtained using 1% (w/v) topical cidofovir at dosing schedules of twice daily for 8 weeks beginning at 4 weeks after CRPV infection, which represents a time when papillomas were clearly visible. Complete cures of large established papillomas were obtained by intralesional injection of 1% cidofovir three times per week for 8 weeks. Topical treatments with adefovir had strong anti-viral activity, cyclopropyl PMEDAP had moderate anti-viral activity, and CPE-C, PMPA and lobucavir showed no effects. These data indicate that certain nucleoside analogues have strong in vivo anti-papillomavirus activity and that the CRPV/rabbit model is a good model for assessing clinical responses of anti-viral treatments for patients with HPV disease. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
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