In vivo detection of a novel endogenous etheno-DNA adduct derived from arachidonic acid and the effects of antioxidants on its formation

Ying Fu, Raghu G. Nath, Marcin Dyba, Idalia M. Cruz, Sharanya R. Pondicherry, Aileen Fernandez, Casey L. Schultz, Peiying Yang, Jishen Pan, Dhimant Desai, Jacek Krzeminski, Shantu Amin, Plamen P. Christov, Yukihiko Hara, Fung Lung Chung

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Previous studies showed that 7-(1′,2′-dihydroxyheptyl)- substituted etheno DNA adducts are products of reactions with the epoxide of (E)-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, an oxidation product of ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). In this work, we report the detection of 7-(1′,2′- dihydroxyheptyl)-1,N 6 -ethenodeoxyadenosine (DHHedA) in rodent and human tissues by two independent methods: a 32 P-postlabeling/HPLC method and an isotope dilution liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method, demonstrating for the first time that DHHedA is a background DNA lesion in vivo. We showed that DHHedA can be formed upon incubation of arachidonic acid with deoxyadenosine, supporting the notion that ω-6 PUFAs are the endogenous source of DHHedA formation. Because cyclic adducts are derived from the oxidation of PUFAs, we subsequently examined the effects of antioxidants, α-lipoic acid, Polyphenon E, and vitamin E, on the formation of DHHedA and γ-hydroxy-1,N 2 -propanodeoxyguanosine (γ-OHPdG), a widely studied acrolein-derived adduct arising from oxidized PUFAs, in the livers of Long Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats. LEC rats are afflicted with elevated lipid peroxidation and prone to the development of hepatocellular carcinomas. The results showed that although the survival of LEC rats was increased significantly by α-lipoic acid, none of the antioxidants inhibited the formation of DHHedA, and only Polyphenon E decreased the formation of γ-OHPdG. In contrast, vitamin E caused a significant increase in the formation of both γ-OHPdG and DHHedA in the livers of LEC rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-20
Number of pages9
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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