In vivo determinants of energy consumption in electric motor driven artificial hearts

M. J. Jurmann, Gerson Rosenberg, A. J. Snyder, William Weiss, J. H. Donachy, W. S. Pierce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To identify factors responsible for energy consumption, a retrospective investigation of the in-vivo performance of the 100 ml electric motor-driven left ventricular assist device (ELVAD), and the e-motor 100 ml total artificial heart, was undertaken. Multivariate regression analysis of the device parameters demonstrated that device flow, and estimated outlet pressure, were the most significant independent variables for predicting changes in motor power. Weighted least-square curvefit, using the product of these two variables, showed that changes in energy consumption can be well predicted for the ventricular assist device (r2 = 0.732). However, by applying the same model to the total artificial heart (ETAH), less favorable results were achieved (r2 = 0.422). In this model, device flow seemed to be more important in predicting energy consumption for the ETAH compared to the ELVAD. Therefore, changing the model by using flow to the third order significantly improved the fit (r2 = 0.6706) for the ETAH, and could compensate in part for the greater variability of the values and increased number of outliers in this group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)745-747
Number of pages3
JournalASAIO Transactions
Volume35
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1989

Fingerprint

Artificial heart
Artificial Heart
Heart-Assist Devices
Electric motors
Left ventricular assist devices
Energy utilization
Equipment and Supplies
Least-Squares Analysis
Regression analysis
Multivariate Analysis
Regression Analysis
Pressure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics

Cite this

Jurmann, M. J., Rosenberg, G., Snyder, A. J., Weiss, W., Donachy, J. H., & Pierce, W. S. (1989). In vivo determinants of energy consumption in electric motor driven artificial hearts. ASAIO Transactions, 35(3), 745-747.
Jurmann, M. J. ; Rosenberg, Gerson ; Snyder, A. J. ; Weiss, William ; Donachy, J. H. ; Pierce, W. S. / In vivo determinants of energy consumption in electric motor driven artificial hearts. In: ASAIO Transactions. 1989 ; Vol. 35, No. 3. pp. 745-747.
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Jurmann, MJ, Rosenberg, G, Snyder, AJ, Weiss, W, Donachy, JH & Pierce, WS 1989, 'In vivo determinants of energy consumption in electric motor driven artificial hearts', ASAIO Transactions, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 745-747.

In vivo determinants of energy consumption in electric motor driven artificial hearts. / Jurmann, M. J.; Rosenberg, Gerson; Snyder, A. J.; Weiss, William; Donachy, J. H.; Pierce, W. S.

In: ASAIO Transactions, Vol. 35, No. 3, 07.1989, p. 745-747.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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