Incidence and associated factors of difficult tracheal intubations in pediatric ICUs: a report from National Emergency Airway Registry for Children: NEAR4KIDS

Ana Lia Graciano, Robert Tamburro, Ann E. Thompson, John Fiadjoe, Vinay M. Nadkarni, Akira Nishisaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the incidence and associated risk factors of difficult tracheal intubations (TI) in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs).

Methods: Using the National Emergency Airway Registry for Children (NEAR4KIDS), TI quality improvement data were prospectively collected for initial TIs in 15 PICUs from July 2010 to December 2011. Difficult pediatric TI was defined as TIs by direct laryngoscopy which failed or required more than two laryngoscopy attempts by fellow/attending-level physician providers.

Results: A total of 1,516 oral TIs were reported with a median age of 2 years. A total of 97 % of patients were intubated with direct laryngoscopy. The incidence of difficult TI was 9 %. In univariate analysis, patients with difficult TI were younger [median 1 year (0–4) vs. 2 (0–8) years, p = 0.046], and had a reported history of difficult TI (22 vs. 8 %, p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that history of difficult airway and signs of upper airway obstruction are significantly associated with difficult TI. The advanced airway provider was more involved as a first provider in difficult TI (81 vs. 58 %, p < 0.001). The presence of difficult TI was associated with higher incidence of oxygen desaturation below 80 % (48 vs. 15 %, p < 0.001), adverse TI associated events (53 vs. 20 %, p < 0.001), and severe TI associated events (13 vs. 6 %, p = 0.003).

Conclusions: Difficult TI was reported in 9 % of all TIs and was associated with increased adverse TI events. History of difficult airway and sign of upper airway obstruction were associated with difficult TIs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1659-1669
Number of pages11
JournalIntensive Care Medicine
Volume40
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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