Incoherent Scatter Radar Probing of the 60-100-km Atmosphere and Ionosphere

John D. Mathews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

All current incoherent backscatter radars can makemesospheric or D region measurements (60–90 -km altitude) under at least some conditions. This paper, which is tutorial in nature, develops the basic concepts of incoherent scatter radar measurements in the D region and the conditions under which measurements are possible are derived and shown for each radar. Conditions examined include overall system sensitivity, electron and ion spectral line widths and power distributions, and time/height averaging effects. The appropriate form of the radar equation is derived and calibration of the radar system is discussed along with the various aspects of signal processing involved. Total power only and combined total power and ion line spectral measurements are described in terms of ease of use, applicability to various radars, and parameters of aeronomic interest derivable from the measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)765-776
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
VolumeGE-24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1986

Fingerprint

incoherent scatter radar
Ionosphere
ionospheres
ionosphere
Radar
radar
D region
atmospheres
atmosphere
spectral line width
Ions
Radar measurement
power lines
radar measurement
ion
signal processing
Radar systems
Linewidth
backscatter
line spectra

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "All current incoherent backscatter radars can makemesospheric or D region measurements (60–90 -km altitude) under at least some conditions. This paper, which is tutorial in nature, develops the basic concepts of incoherent scatter radar measurements in the D region and the conditions under which measurements are possible are derived and shown for each radar. Conditions examined include overall system sensitivity, electron and ion spectral line widths and power distributions, and time/height averaging effects. The appropriate form of the radar equation is derived and calibration of the radar system is discussed along with the various aspects of signal processing involved. Total power only and combined total power and ion line spectral measurements are described in terms of ease of use, applicability to various radars, and parameters of aeronomic interest derivable from the measurements.",
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Incoherent Scatter Radar Probing of the 60-100-km Atmosphere and Ionosphere. / Mathews, John D.

In: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. GE-24, No. 5, 09.1986, p. 765-776.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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