Incomplete by design and designing for incompleteness

Raghu Garud, Sanjay Jain, Philipp Tuertscher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

181 Scopus citations

Abstract

The traditional scientific approach to design extols the virtues of completeness. However, in environments characterized by continual change, there are challenges in adopting such an approach. We examine Linux and Wikipedia as two exemplary cases to explore the nature of design in such a protean world. Our observations highlight a pragmatic approach to design in which incompleteness is harnessed in a generative manner. This suggests a change in the meaning of the word 'design' itself - from one that separates the process of design from its outcome, to one that considers design as both the medium and outcome of action.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-371
Number of pages21
JournalOrganization Studies
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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