Obesity is associated with increased risk and reduced survival for many types of cancer. Increasing adiposity may affect the balance between immunosuppressive and antitumor mechanisms critical for dictating cancer progression or remission. The goal of the current study was to determine if increased adiposity altered tumor growth, survival, and myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) accumulation in a subcutaneous murine model of pancreatic cancer. C57BL/6 mice were placed on a 30% kcal calorie-restricted diet, 10% kcal from fat diet fed ad libitum, or 60% kcal from fat diet fed ad libitum for 16 weeks to generate lean, overweight, and obese mice, respectively; followed by subcutaneous injection with 1 × 106 Panc.02 cells. We observed a significant linear relationship between increased adiposity and increased tumor growth and mortality; increased accumulation of Gr-1+CD11b+ MDSCs; and reduced CD8 T cell:MDSC ratio in multiple tissues, including tumor. Increased adiposity also increased the accumulation of MDSCs in the spleen and lymph node of tumor-free mice. These data suggest adiposity induces MDSC accumulation, which may contribute to an immunosuppressive environment promoting tumor growth. Overall, our findings provide a rationale to prevent or reverse increased body weight as a strategy to reduce the accumulation of immunosuppressive cell types.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Nutrition and Dietetics