Increasing Women’s Political Participation: The Role of Women-Friendly Districts

Nicholas Lafayette Pyeatt, Alixandra B. Yanus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Women have historically participated in political activities such as speaking at public meetings and contributing to candidates at lower rates than men. One explanation for this phenomenon is women’s underrepresentation in political institutions, which compromises their sense of political efficacy. In support of this explanation, as the number of women in government has increased, gender gaps in participation have narrowed in most industrialised democracies. However, the United States lags behind much of the western world in terms of both women’s representation and political participation. We, thus, examine whether contextual factors, in this case so-called ‘women-friendly districts’, improve American women’s political participation [Palmer, Barbara and Dennis Simon. 2008. Breaking the Glass Ceiling: Women and Congressional Elections. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge]. We find that in women-friendly districts, American women’s political participation is statistically indistinguishable from men’s participation. However, outside of these districts, women generally demonstrate lower levels of political activity than men. Counterintuitively, however, these gains are not the result of increasing female participation, but rather decreasing male engagement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-199
Number of pages15
JournalRepresentation
Volume53
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2017

Fingerprint

political participation
district
political activity
participation
Western world
political institution
compromise
speaking
candidacy
election
democracy
gender

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

@article{b9dbb8a6964342f2b7d01de94ebe5eec,
title = "Increasing Women’s Political Participation: The Role of Women-Friendly Districts",
abstract = "Women have historically participated in political activities such as speaking at public meetings and contributing to candidates at lower rates than men. One explanation for this phenomenon is women’s underrepresentation in political institutions, which compromises their sense of political efficacy. In support of this explanation, as the number of women in government has increased, gender gaps in participation have narrowed in most industrialised democracies. However, the United States lags behind much of the western world in terms of both women’s representation and political participation. We, thus, examine whether contextual factors, in this case so-called ‘women-friendly districts’, improve American women’s political participation [Palmer, Barbara and Dennis Simon. 2008. Breaking the Glass Ceiling: Women and Congressional Elections. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge]. We find that in women-friendly districts, American women’s political participation is statistically indistinguishable from men’s participation. However, outside of these districts, women generally demonstrate lower levels of political activity than men. Counterintuitively, however, these gains are not the result of increasing female participation, but rather decreasing male engagement.",
author = "Pyeatt, {Nicholas Lafayette} and Yanus, {Alixandra B.}",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/00344893.2018.1438306",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "53",
pages = "185--199",
journal = "Representation",
issn = "0034-4893",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "3-4",

}

Increasing Women’s Political Participation : The Role of Women-Friendly Districts. / Pyeatt, Nicholas Lafayette; Yanus, Alixandra B.

In: Representation, Vol. 53, No. 3-4, 02.10.2017, p. 185-199.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increasing Women’s Political Participation

T2 - The Role of Women-Friendly Districts

AU - Pyeatt, Nicholas Lafayette

AU - Yanus, Alixandra B.

PY - 2017/10/2

Y1 - 2017/10/2

N2 - Women have historically participated in political activities such as speaking at public meetings and contributing to candidates at lower rates than men. One explanation for this phenomenon is women’s underrepresentation in political institutions, which compromises their sense of political efficacy. In support of this explanation, as the number of women in government has increased, gender gaps in participation have narrowed in most industrialised democracies. However, the United States lags behind much of the western world in terms of both women’s representation and political participation. We, thus, examine whether contextual factors, in this case so-called ‘women-friendly districts’, improve American women’s political participation [Palmer, Barbara and Dennis Simon. 2008. Breaking the Glass Ceiling: Women and Congressional Elections. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge]. We find that in women-friendly districts, American women’s political participation is statistically indistinguishable from men’s participation. However, outside of these districts, women generally demonstrate lower levels of political activity than men. Counterintuitively, however, these gains are not the result of increasing female participation, but rather decreasing male engagement.

AB - Women have historically participated in political activities such as speaking at public meetings and contributing to candidates at lower rates than men. One explanation for this phenomenon is women’s underrepresentation in political institutions, which compromises their sense of political efficacy. In support of this explanation, as the number of women in government has increased, gender gaps in participation have narrowed in most industrialised democracies. However, the United States lags behind much of the western world in terms of both women’s representation and political participation. We, thus, examine whether contextual factors, in this case so-called ‘women-friendly districts’, improve American women’s political participation [Palmer, Barbara and Dennis Simon. 2008. Breaking the Glass Ceiling: Women and Congressional Elections. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge]. We find that in women-friendly districts, American women’s political participation is statistically indistinguishable from men’s participation. However, outside of these districts, women generally demonstrate lower levels of political activity than men. Counterintuitively, however, these gains are not the result of increasing female participation, but rather decreasing male engagement.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044030191&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85044030191&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00344893.2018.1438306

DO - 10.1080/00344893.2018.1438306

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 185

EP - 199

JO - Representation

JF - Representation

SN - 0034-4893

IS - 3-4

ER -