Induced normothermia attenuates cerebral metabolic distress in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and refractory fever

Mauro Oddo, Suzanne Frangos, Andrew Milby, Isaac Chen, Eileen Maloney-Wilensky, Eileen Mac Murtrie, Michael Stiefel, W. Andrew Kofke, Peter D. Le Roux, Joshua M. Levine

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64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose-: The purpose of this study was to analyze whether fever control attenuates cerebral metabolic distress after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Methods-: Eighteen SAH patients, who underwent intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral microdialysis monitoring and were treated with induced normothermia for refractory fever (body temperature 38.3°C, despite antipyretics), were studied. Levels of microdialysate lactate/pyruvate ratio (LPR) and episodes of cerebral metabolic crisis (LPR >40) were analyzed during fever and induced normothermia, at normal and high ICP (>20 mm Hg). Results-: Compared to fever, induced normothermia resulted in lower LPR (40±24 versus 32±9, P<0.01) and a reduced incidence of cerebral metabolic crisis (13% versus 5%, P<0.05) at normal ICP. During episodes of high ICP, induced normothermia was associated with a similar reduction of LPR, fewer episodes of cerebral metabolic crisis (37% versus 8%, P<0.01), and lower ICP (32±11 versus 28±12 mm Hg, P<0.05). Conclusions-: Fever control is associated with reduced cerebral metabolic distress in patients with SAH, irrespective of ICP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1913-1916
Number of pages4
JournalStroke
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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