Milk fat depression (MFD) caused by intermediates of ruminal biohydrogenation commonly occurs in dairy cattle. The time course of recovery from MFD is important to mechanistic investigation and management of the condition. Nine cows were used in a repeated design, allowing analysis of recovery from diet-induced MFD. A high-fiber, low-oil diet was fed during the control and recovery periods, and a low-fiber, high-oil (LFHO) diet was fed during the induction period. Milk yield was not affected by treatment. Milk fat percentage and yield decreased progressively during induction and were lower by d 3 and 5, respectively. Milk fat concentration and yield increased progressively when cows were fed the recovery diet and were not different from control on d 19 and 15, respectively. Yield of de novo synthesized fatty acids (FA) decreased progressively during the induction period and was lower than that of controls by d 5. A biphasic response was seen for milk fat trans isomers, where trans-11 C18:1 and cis-9,. trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) were elevated initially and trans-10 C18:1 and trans-10,. cis-12 CLA increased progressively during the induction period. A similar biphasic response was seen during recovery from MFD, with trans-10 C18:1 and trans-10,. cis-12 rapidly decreasing initially and trans-11 C18:1 and cis-9,. trans-11 CLA increasing slightly above control levels during the second phase. Recovery from diet-induced MFD occurs gradually with a short lag when dietary fiber and oil concentrations are corrected. This time course provides a framework to identify factors causing MFD and set expectations during recovery from MFD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Animal Science and Zoology