Inelastic anisotropy of Inconel 718

Experiments and mathematical representation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A generalized threshold function for isotropic viscoplastic materials, which can also serve as a yield function in rate-independent plasticity, is suggested for materials that exhibit a strength differential and/or a permanent volume change. The motivation for this type of a threshold function is that experiments, at both 25 and 650 °C, on the nickel base alloy Inconel 718 indicate that higher stresses occur in compression than in tension. Similar results have been obtained for martensitic steels and other metallic alloys at 25 °C. A general approach for determining the inelastic flow dependence on each of the three stress invariants (I1, J2, and J3) is to follow stress paths where only one invariant is changing. Two classical experiments that do this are hydrostatic pressure and pure torsion, however many others are possible. Unfortunately, these stress paths generally require three-dimensional stress states, which are difficult to obtain in the laboratory. Thus, for experimental expediency, tests involving axial-torsional loading of thin-walled tubes can be used to determine the significance of the first and third stress invariants, I1 and J3, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-110
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP
Volume391
StatePublished - 1999

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Anisotropy
Experiments
Martensitic steel
Hydrostatic pressure
Torsional stress
Plasticity
Nickel

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Inelastic anisotropy of Inconel 718: Experiments and mathematical representation",
abstract = "A generalized threshold function for isotropic viscoplastic materials, which can also serve as a yield function in rate-independent plasticity, is suggested for materials that exhibit a strength differential and/or a permanent volume change. The motivation for this type of a threshold function is that experiments, at both 25 and 650 °C, on the nickel base alloy Inconel 718 indicate that higher stresses occur in compression than in tension. Similar results have been obtained for martensitic steels and other metallic alloys at 25 °C. A general approach for determining the inelastic flow dependence on each of the three stress invariants (I1, J2, and J3) is to follow stress paths where only one invariant is changing. Two classical experiments that do this are hydrostatic pressure and pure torsion, however many others are possible. Unfortunately, these stress paths generally require three-dimensional stress states, which are difficult to obtain in the laboratory. Thus, for experimental expediency, tests involving axial-torsional loading of thin-walled tubes can be used to determine the significance of the first and third stress invariants, I1 and J3, respectively.",
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T2 - Experiments and mathematical representation

AU - Iyer, Saiganesh K.

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