Infant affective responses to mother's still face at 6 months differentially predict externalizing and internalizing behaviors at 18 months.

Ginger A. Moore, J. F. Cohn, S. B. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated (a) stability and change in infant affective responses to the still-face interaction, (b) whether maternal depression affected infant responses, and (c) whether responses to the still-face interaction predicted toddler problem behaviors. Infants (63 girls and 66 boys) of European American mothers (67 depressed and 62 nondepressed) were observed in the still-face interaction at 2, 4, and 6 months. Affect and gaze were coded on a 1-s time base. There were stable individual differences in gazing away and in rates of negative affect. Developmental change occurred only for gazing away, which increased. At 18 months, infants who failed to smile at 6 months in the still-face interaction showed more externalizing-type behaviors than did other toddlers. Infants who failed to cry at 6 months showed fewer internalizing-type behaviors. Mothers' current depressive symptoms and infants' earlier responses to the still-face interaction made independent, comparable contributions to problem behaviors at 18 months.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)706-714
Number of pages9
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Fingerprint

infant
Mothers
interaction
Depression
Individuality
Problem Behavior

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

@article{eb030d6b2a63466d90d2ba9cdb271f68,
title = "Infant affective responses to mother's still face at 6 months differentially predict externalizing and internalizing behaviors at 18 months.",
abstract = "This study investigated (a) stability and change in infant affective responses to the still-face interaction, (b) whether maternal depression affected infant responses, and (c) whether responses to the still-face interaction predicted toddler problem behaviors. Infants (63 girls and 66 boys) of European American mothers (67 depressed and 62 nondepressed) were observed in the still-face interaction at 2, 4, and 6 months. Affect and gaze were coded on a 1-s time base. There were stable individual differences in gazing away and in rates of negative affect. Developmental change occurred only for gazing away, which increased. At 18 months, infants who failed to smile at 6 months in the still-face interaction showed more externalizing-type behaviors than did other toddlers. Infants who failed to cry at 6 months showed fewer internalizing-type behaviors. Mothers' current depressive symptoms and infants' earlier responses to the still-face interaction made independent, comparable contributions to problem behaviors at 18 months.",
author = "Moore, {Ginger A.} and Cohn, {J. F.} and Campbell, {S. B.}",
year = "2001",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/0012-1649.37.5.706",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "37",
pages = "706--714",
journal = "Developmental Psychology",
issn = "0012-1649",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "5",

}

Infant affective responses to mother's still face at 6 months differentially predict externalizing and internalizing behaviors at 18 months. / Moore, Ginger A.; Cohn, J. F.; Campbell, S. B.

In: Developmental psychology, Vol. 37, No. 5, 01.01.2001, p. 706-714.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Infant affective responses to mother's still face at 6 months differentially predict externalizing and internalizing behaviors at 18 months.

AU - Moore, Ginger A.

AU - Cohn, J. F.

AU - Campbell, S. B.

PY - 2001/1/1

Y1 - 2001/1/1

N2 - This study investigated (a) stability and change in infant affective responses to the still-face interaction, (b) whether maternal depression affected infant responses, and (c) whether responses to the still-face interaction predicted toddler problem behaviors. Infants (63 girls and 66 boys) of European American mothers (67 depressed and 62 nondepressed) were observed in the still-face interaction at 2, 4, and 6 months. Affect and gaze were coded on a 1-s time base. There were stable individual differences in gazing away and in rates of negative affect. Developmental change occurred only for gazing away, which increased. At 18 months, infants who failed to smile at 6 months in the still-face interaction showed more externalizing-type behaviors than did other toddlers. Infants who failed to cry at 6 months showed fewer internalizing-type behaviors. Mothers' current depressive symptoms and infants' earlier responses to the still-face interaction made independent, comparable contributions to problem behaviors at 18 months.

AB - This study investigated (a) stability and change in infant affective responses to the still-face interaction, (b) whether maternal depression affected infant responses, and (c) whether responses to the still-face interaction predicted toddler problem behaviors. Infants (63 girls and 66 boys) of European American mothers (67 depressed and 62 nondepressed) were observed in the still-face interaction at 2, 4, and 6 months. Affect and gaze were coded on a 1-s time base. There were stable individual differences in gazing away and in rates of negative affect. Developmental change occurred only for gazing away, which increased. At 18 months, infants who failed to smile at 6 months in the still-face interaction showed more externalizing-type behaviors than did other toddlers. Infants who failed to cry at 6 months showed fewer internalizing-type behaviors. Mothers' current depressive symptoms and infants' earlier responses to the still-face interaction made independent, comparable contributions to problem behaviors at 18 months.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035458336&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035458336&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0012-1649.37.5.706

DO - 10.1037/0012-1649.37.5.706

M3 - Article

C2 - 11552765

AN - SCOPUS:0035458336

VL - 37

SP - 706

EP - 714

JO - Developmental Psychology

JF - Developmental Psychology

SN - 0012-1649

IS - 5

ER -