A total of 351 cardiac transplantations performed between June 1, 1980, and Sept. 30, 1987, were reviewed to determine if infectious complications were more frequent in those patients requiring preoperative intravenous inotropic support, placement of an intraaortic balloon pump, or mechanical support with a left ventricular assist device or total artificial heart. One hundred forty-nine transplants (45%) were performed in these mortally ill patients. There was no statistically significant difference between patients with and without infection within each support group for the following: the number of in-patient days awaiting a donor heart, the number of days receiving support, the percent of patients with preoperative tracheal intubation, the length of the operation, and the percent of patients requiring reoperation for bleeding. The need for invasive methods of support (intraaortic balloon pump, left ventricular assist device, or total artificial heart) in patients awaiting heart transplantation increases the prevalence of perioperative nonviral infection. Preoperative mechanical support with a left ventricular assist device or total artificial heart significantly increases the risk of infection-related mortality.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine