Infectious disease surveillance: A cornerstone for prevention and control

Nkuchia M. M'ikanatha, Ruth Lynfield, Kathleen G. Julian, Chris A. Van Beneden, Henriette de Valk

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

To address infectious disease threats, the International Health Regulations (2005) call for a strengthening of capacity to conduct surveillance in each country. With reference to subsequent chapters in Infectious Disease Surveillance, we introduce the vast array of surveillance systems. Using examples from currently operating systems, we illustrate key uses of surveillance data, including to guide vaccine strategies, detect outbreaks, identify antimicrobial resistance, and estimate burden of disease for allocation of clinical and public health resources. Surveillance systems have been enriched by collaborations with diverse partners outside traditional public health including those in information systems, animal health, and communications. Challenges to surveillance programs include allocation of adequate resources not only for collection of data but also for analysis and dissemination. We emphasize timely dissemination of surveillance data to leverage public health action and inform clinical practice. Evaluations of surveillance systems should be regularly performed to identify opportunities for refinement, adapt to the evolving epidemiology of diseases, and incorporate new advances in technology. This edition first published 2013

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInfectious Disease Surveillance
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons
Pages1-20
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9780470654675
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 12 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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