Inferior Vena Cava Filters: Placement and Retrieval

Benjamin J. Shin, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, S. William Stavropoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The incidence of venous thromboembolism, including both deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, is approximately 100 per 100,000 patients in the United States. Although anticoagulation is the mainstay of treatment, increasing numbers of patients with absolute contraindications, treatment failures, and complications has led to rising numbers of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placements. IVC filter placements, however, are not without potential early and long-term complications such as filter thrombosis, perforation, migration, fracture, and embolization. Although IVC filter removal is successful in many cases, retrieval may be technically challenging, and ultimately unsuccessful, due to associated thrombus, substantial filter tilting, filter fracture, and excessive tissue embedding surrounding the tip or struts. As a result of increasing prevalence of IVC filters, it is important that all members of the health care team be comfortable with these devices. The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of IVC filters, their placement, and retrieval.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-236
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Radiology Nursing
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Fingerprint

Vena Cava Filters
Tissue Embedding
Thrombosis
Patient Care Team
Venous Thromboembolism
Treatment Failure
Pulmonary Embolism
Venous Thrombosis
Equipment and Supplies
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Shin, Benjamin J. ; Chick, Jeffrey Forris Beecham ; Stavropoulos, S. William. / Inferior Vena Cava Filters : Placement and Retrieval. In: Journal of Radiology Nursing. 2015 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 228-236.
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Inferior Vena Cava Filters : Placement and Retrieval. / Shin, Benjamin J.; Chick, Jeffrey Forris Beecham; Stavropoulos, S. William.

In: Journal of Radiology Nursing, Vol. 34, No. 4, 01.12.2015, p. 228-236.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The incidence of venous thromboembolism, including both deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, is approximately 100 per 100,000 patients in the United States. Although anticoagulation is the mainstay of treatment, increasing numbers of patients with absolute contraindications, treatment failures, and complications has led to rising numbers of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placements. IVC filter placements, however, are not without potential early and long-term complications such as filter thrombosis, perforation, migration, fracture, and embolization. Although IVC filter removal is successful in many cases, retrieval may be technically challenging, and ultimately unsuccessful, due to associated thrombus, substantial filter tilting, filter fracture, and excessive tissue embedding surrounding the tip or struts. As a result of increasing prevalence of IVC filters, it is important that all members of the health care team be comfortable with these devices. The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of IVC filters, their placement, and retrieval.

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