Influence of a compression garment on repetitive power output production before and after different types of muscle fatigue

W. J. Kraemer, J. A. Bush, R. U. Newton, N. D. Duncan, J. S. Volek, C. R. Denegar, P. Canavan, J. Johnston, M. Putukian, W. J. Sebastianelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Compression shorts have become a very popular item of sports apparel. Few data exist about whether they influence athletic performance. The purpose of this study was to determine whether compression shorts affected vertical jump performance after different fatigue tasks (i.e., endurance, strength, and power). In addition, experiments on the influence of a compression garment on joint position sense at the hip and muscle movement velocity upon landing impact was also studied. Healthy college age men and women participated in the various studies. Subjects were thoroughly familiarized with the jump tests and all other experimental techniques. Jumps were performed on an AMTI force plate which was interfaced to a computer with customized software used to determine jump power. Ten consecutive maximal counter movement jumps with arms held at waist level were performed. The compressive garment had no effect on the maximal power of the highest jump in either men or women. The compressive garment significantly enhanced mean power output in the jump test both before and after different fatigue tasks. The compressive garment enhanced joint position sense at the hip at 45°and 60°of flexion. A compression garment also significantly reduced the vertical velocity of muscle movement upon landing. These data indicate that compression shorts do not improve maximal jump power output. However, an enhanced mean power output during the repetitive maximal jump test was observed when wearing a compression garment. The performance improvement observed may be due to reduced muscle oscillation upon impact, psychological factors, and/or enhanced joint position sense.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-184
Number of pages22
JournalSports Medicine, Training and Rehabilitation
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Fingerprint

Muscle Fatigue
Clothing
Proprioception
Joints
Muscles
Fatigue
Hip
Data Compression
Athletic Performance
Sports
Arm
Software
Psychology
Power (Psychology)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Kraemer, W. J. ; Bush, J. A. ; Newton, R. U. ; Duncan, N. D. ; Volek, J. S. ; Denegar, C. R. ; Canavan, P. ; Johnston, J. ; Putukian, M. ; Sebastianelli, W. J. / Influence of a compression garment on repetitive power output production before and after different types of muscle fatigue. In: Sports Medicine, Training and Rehabilitation. 1998 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 163-184.
@article{7386c814bdc643aa892bf95631be1897,
title = "Influence of a compression garment on repetitive power output production before and after different types of muscle fatigue",
abstract = "Compression shorts have become a very popular item of sports apparel. Few data exist about whether they influence athletic performance. The purpose of this study was to determine whether compression shorts affected vertical jump performance after different fatigue tasks (i.e., endurance, strength, and power). In addition, experiments on the influence of a compression garment on joint position sense at the hip and muscle movement velocity upon landing impact was also studied. Healthy college age men and women participated in the various studies. Subjects were thoroughly familiarized with the jump tests and all other experimental techniques. Jumps were performed on an AMTI force plate which was interfaced to a computer with customized software used to determine jump power. Ten consecutive maximal counter movement jumps with arms held at waist level were performed. The compressive garment had no effect on the maximal power of the highest jump in either men or women. The compressive garment significantly enhanced mean power output in the jump test both before and after different fatigue tasks. The compressive garment enhanced joint position sense at the hip at 45°and 60°of flexion. A compression garment also significantly reduced the vertical velocity of muscle movement upon landing. These data indicate that compression shorts do not improve maximal jump power output. However, an enhanced mean power output during the repetitive maximal jump test was observed when wearing a compression garment. The performance improvement observed may be due to reduced muscle oscillation upon impact, psychological factors, and/or enhanced joint position sense.",
author = "Kraemer, {W. J.} and Bush, {J. A.} and Newton, {R. U.} and Duncan, {N. D.} and Volek, {J. S.} and Denegar, {C. R.} and P. Canavan and J. Johnston and M. Putukian and Sebastianelli, {W. J.}",
year = "1998",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/15438629809512525",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "163--184",
journal = "Research in Sports Medicine",
issn = "1543-8627",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

Influence of a compression garment on repetitive power output production before and after different types of muscle fatigue. / Kraemer, W. J.; Bush, J. A.; Newton, R. U.; Duncan, N. D.; Volek, J. S.; Denegar, C. R.; Canavan, P.; Johnston, J.; Putukian, M.; Sebastianelli, W. J.

In: Sports Medicine, Training and Rehabilitation, Vol. 8, No. 2, 01.01.1998, p. 163-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of a compression garment on repetitive power output production before and after different types of muscle fatigue

AU - Kraemer, W. J.

AU - Bush, J. A.

AU - Newton, R. U.

AU - Duncan, N. D.

AU - Volek, J. S.

AU - Denegar, C. R.

AU - Canavan, P.

AU - Johnston, J.

AU - Putukian, M.

AU - Sebastianelli, W. J.

PY - 1998/1/1

Y1 - 1998/1/1

N2 - Compression shorts have become a very popular item of sports apparel. Few data exist about whether they influence athletic performance. The purpose of this study was to determine whether compression shorts affected vertical jump performance after different fatigue tasks (i.e., endurance, strength, and power). In addition, experiments on the influence of a compression garment on joint position sense at the hip and muscle movement velocity upon landing impact was also studied. Healthy college age men and women participated in the various studies. Subjects were thoroughly familiarized with the jump tests and all other experimental techniques. Jumps were performed on an AMTI force plate which was interfaced to a computer with customized software used to determine jump power. Ten consecutive maximal counter movement jumps with arms held at waist level were performed. The compressive garment had no effect on the maximal power of the highest jump in either men or women. The compressive garment significantly enhanced mean power output in the jump test both before and after different fatigue tasks. The compressive garment enhanced joint position sense at the hip at 45°and 60°of flexion. A compression garment also significantly reduced the vertical velocity of muscle movement upon landing. These data indicate that compression shorts do not improve maximal jump power output. However, an enhanced mean power output during the repetitive maximal jump test was observed when wearing a compression garment. The performance improvement observed may be due to reduced muscle oscillation upon impact, psychological factors, and/or enhanced joint position sense.

AB - Compression shorts have become a very popular item of sports apparel. Few data exist about whether they influence athletic performance. The purpose of this study was to determine whether compression shorts affected vertical jump performance after different fatigue tasks (i.e., endurance, strength, and power). In addition, experiments on the influence of a compression garment on joint position sense at the hip and muscle movement velocity upon landing impact was also studied. Healthy college age men and women participated in the various studies. Subjects were thoroughly familiarized with the jump tests and all other experimental techniques. Jumps were performed on an AMTI force plate which was interfaced to a computer with customized software used to determine jump power. Ten consecutive maximal counter movement jumps with arms held at waist level were performed. The compressive garment had no effect on the maximal power of the highest jump in either men or women. The compressive garment significantly enhanced mean power output in the jump test both before and after different fatigue tasks. The compressive garment enhanced joint position sense at the hip at 45°and 60°of flexion. A compression garment also significantly reduced the vertical velocity of muscle movement upon landing. These data indicate that compression shorts do not improve maximal jump power output. However, an enhanced mean power output during the repetitive maximal jump test was observed when wearing a compression garment. The performance improvement observed may be due to reduced muscle oscillation upon impact, psychological factors, and/or enhanced joint position sense.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031801121&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031801121&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15438629809512525

DO - 10.1080/15438629809512525

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0031801121

VL - 8

SP - 163

EP - 184

JO - Research in Sports Medicine

JF - Research in Sports Medicine

SN - 1543-8627

IS - 2

ER -