Influence of air mass history on black carbon concentrations and regional climate forcing in southeastern United States

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Atmospheric black carbon (BC) mass concentrations in the southeastern United States have been measured at a regionally representative site near Mount Mitchell, North Carolina (35°44′05°N, 82°17′15″W, 2038 m elevation), the highest peak in the eastern United States, during a 9 month period from June to October 1996 and March to June 1997. BC concentrations are measured by an aethalometer, which operates by measuring the attenuation of light through a sample. All measured BC concentrations are reported in terms of air mass histories determined from back trajectory analysis using the Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HY-SPLIT) model. Air masses influencing the site have been classified as polluted, marine, and continental according to SOx, and NOx. emission inventories. The average BC mass concentrations for each sector are 216.6 ± 47.8 ng m-3 for polluted air masses, 65.6 ± 23.5 ng m-3 for marine air masses, and 169.9 ± 50.6 ng m-3 for continental air masses. A positive relationship between cloud condensation nuclei and BC concentrations suggest at times the BC measured at the site may be internally mixed. The average BC concentration found, in cloud water is 74.2 μg kg-1. Derived BC to sulfate mass ratios ranged from 0.01 to 0.06.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number98JD02475
Pages (from-to)23153-23161
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume103
Issue numberD18
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

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Soot
climate forcing
air masses
black carbon
Carbon black
Southeastern United States
regional climate
air mass
climate
histories
air
history
carbon
Air
trajectories
trajectory
Trajectories
trajectory analysis
condensation nuclei
cloud condensation nucleus

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Forestry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

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title = "Influence of air mass history on black carbon concentrations and regional climate forcing in southeastern United States",
abstract = "Atmospheric black carbon (BC) mass concentrations in the southeastern United States have been measured at a regionally representative site near Mount Mitchell, North Carolina (35°44′05°N, 82°17′15″W, 2038 m elevation), the highest peak in the eastern United States, during a 9 month period from June to October 1996 and March to June 1997. BC concentrations are measured by an aethalometer, which operates by measuring the attenuation of light through a sample. All measured BC concentrations are reported in terms of air mass histories determined from back trajectory analysis using the Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HY-SPLIT) model. Air masses influencing the site have been classified as polluted, marine, and continental according to SOx, and NOx. emission inventories. The average BC mass concentrations for each sector are 216.6 ± 47.8 ng m-3 for polluted air masses, 65.6 ± 23.5 ng m-3 for marine air masses, and 169.9 ± 50.6 ng m-3 for continental air masses. A positive relationship between cloud condensation nuclei and BC concentrations suggest at times the BC measured at the site may be internally mixed. The average BC concentration found, in cloud water is 74.2 μg kg-1. Derived BC to sulfate mass ratios ranged from 0.01 to 0.06.",
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Influence of air mass history on black carbon concentrations and regional climate forcing in southeastern United States. / Bahrmann, Chad.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, Vol. 103, No. D18, 98JD02475, 01.01.1998, p. 23153-23161.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Atmospheric black carbon (BC) mass concentrations in the southeastern United States have been measured at a regionally representative site near Mount Mitchell, North Carolina (35°44′05°N, 82°17′15″W, 2038 m elevation), the highest peak in the eastern United States, during a 9 month period from June to October 1996 and March to June 1997. BC concentrations are measured by an aethalometer, which operates by measuring the attenuation of light through a sample. All measured BC concentrations are reported in terms of air mass histories determined from back trajectory analysis using the Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HY-SPLIT) model. Air masses influencing the site have been classified as polluted, marine, and continental according to SOx, and NOx. emission inventories. The average BC mass concentrations for each sector are 216.6 ± 47.8 ng m-3 for polluted air masses, 65.6 ± 23.5 ng m-3 for marine air masses, and 169.9 ± 50.6 ng m-3 for continental air masses. A positive relationship between cloud condensation nuclei and BC concentrations suggest at times the BC measured at the site may be internally mixed. The average BC concentration found, in cloud water is 74.2 μg kg-1. Derived BC to sulfate mass ratios ranged from 0.01 to 0.06.

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