Influence of carbon nanotubes on fatigue delamination growth in filament wound composites with rigid and flexible matrix materials

Y. Zhu, M. J. Yoo, A. Sharma, Charles E. Bakis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this investigation is to evaluate the fatigue delamination behavior of S-glass fiber composites toughened by multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Unidirectionally reinforced interlaminar fracture toughness (IFT) specimens were made by wet filament winding using S-glass fiber and epoxy matrix. Two types of epoxy matrix materials are evaluated - rigid and flexible. Each of the composites is tested with and without MWCNTs added to the matrix of selected layers of at a concentration of 0.5 weight percent. The MWCNTs were previously observed to increase both mode I and mode II delamination resistance of the rigid matrix system composite but reduce delamination resistance of the flexible matrix system. In this work, mode I and mode II interlaminar fracture behaviors in cyclic loading were characterized using double cantilever beam and end-notched flexure tests, respectively. For each type of test, a power law relation was used to fit the crack growth rate vs. the maximum strain energy release rate (SERR) data. From mode I testing, reduction in the overall crack growth rate was observed comparing the MWCNTs modified rigid to the regular rigid composite, however no such effect was observed for the flexible resin system. From mode II testing, the exponent of the power law relation was found to be decreased by adding MWCNTs into the rigid resin composite, however no significant change of the exponent was observed by adding MWCNTs into the flexible resin system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites
Pages2028-2042
Number of pages15
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Event24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites - Newark, DE, United States
Duration: Sep 15 2009Sep 17 2009

Publication series

Name24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites
Volume3

Other

Other24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites
CountryUnited States
CityNewark, DE
Period9/15/099/17/09

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Delamination
Carbon nanotubes
Fatigue of materials
Composite materials
Resins
Glass fibers
Crack propagation
Filament winding
Composite Resins
Energy release rate
Cantilever beams
Testing
Strain energy
Fracture toughness

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Zhu, Y., Yoo, M. J., Sharma, A., & Bakis, C. E. (2009). Influence of carbon nanotubes on fatigue delamination growth in filament wound composites with rigid and flexible matrix materials. In 24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites (pp. 2028-2042). (24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites; Vol. 3).
Zhu, Y. ; Yoo, M. J. ; Sharma, A. ; Bakis, Charles E. / Influence of carbon nanotubes on fatigue delamination growth in filament wound composites with rigid and flexible matrix materials. 24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites. 2009. pp. 2028-2042 (24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites).
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abstract = "The objective of this investigation is to evaluate the fatigue delamination behavior of S-glass fiber composites toughened by multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Unidirectionally reinforced interlaminar fracture toughness (IFT) specimens were made by wet filament winding using S-glass fiber and epoxy matrix. Two types of epoxy matrix materials are evaluated - rigid and flexible. Each of the composites is tested with and without MWCNTs added to the matrix of selected layers of at a concentration of 0.5 weight percent. The MWCNTs were previously observed to increase both mode I and mode II delamination resistance of the rigid matrix system composite but reduce delamination resistance of the flexible matrix system. In this work, mode I and mode II interlaminar fracture behaviors in cyclic loading were characterized using double cantilever beam and end-notched flexure tests, respectively. For each type of test, a power law relation was used to fit the crack growth rate vs. the maximum strain energy release rate (SERR) data. From mode I testing, reduction in the overall crack growth rate was observed comparing the MWCNTs modified rigid to the regular rigid composite, however no such effect was observed for the flexible resin system. From mode II testing, the exponent of the power law relation was found to be decreased by adding MWCNTs into the rigid resin composite, however no significant change of the exponent was observed by adding MWCNTs into the flexible resin system.",
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Zhu, Y, Yoo, MJ, Sharma, A & Bakis, CE 2009, Influence of carbon nanotubes on fatigue delamination growth in filament wound composites with rigid and flexible matrix materials. in 24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites. 24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites, vol. 3, pp. 2028-2042, 24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites, Newark, DE, United States, 9/15/09.

Influence of carbon nanotubes on fatigue delamination growth in filament wound composites with rigid and flexible matrix materials. / Zhu, Y.; Yoo, M. J.; Sharma, A.; Bakis, Charles E.

24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites. 2009. p. 2028-2042 (24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites; Vol. 3).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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M3 - Conference contribution

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Zhu Y, Yoo MJ, Sharma A, Bakis CE. Influence of carbon nanotubes on fatigue delamination growth in filament wound composites with rigid and flexible matrix materials. In 24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites. 2009. p. 2028-2042. (24th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2009 and 1st Joint Canadian-American Technical Conference on Composites).