By including the contributions of dipolar defects in the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau theory, we have simulated the domain switching process in ferroelectrics. The model incorporates elastic effects in the form of an anisotropic long-range interaction that is obtained by integrating out the strain fields, subject to the elastic compatibility constraint. The defects are simulated by considering an inhomogeneous electric field due to randomly placed coarse-grained dipoles. It is shown that these defects act as nuclei for the formation of 90° twinned structures, resulting in a lower coercive field compared to the defect-free case. Due to these defects, the simulated polarization switching occurs by two successive 90° rotations, rather than a single 180° flipping as in the defect-free case.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics