Uniaxial tensile experiments were performed on single crystal zinc oxide nanowires with a custom microfabricated tool. The measured Young's modulus is about 30%-40% of the bulk value for specimens with 200-400 nm in diameter, which cannot be explained with classical elasticity formulations. We discuss this anomaly in light of the enhanced electromechanical coupling due to static mechanical and isolated electrical boundary conditions that can significantly contribute to the softening of the material, irrespective of the length scale.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)