The influence of host immunogenetics on the outcome of vertically transmitted HIV infection in children was examined in a multicenter cross sectional study of long term survivors and rapid progressors. Sequence-based typing was performed for the DRB1, DQB1 and HLA-A loci. 36.7% of 30 children surviving more than 8 years had one or mote of the HLA-DR13 alleles, versus none of 14 rapidly progressing children who died within 2 years of age, p = 0.009, Haldane RR = 17.1. The alleles variably associated with this beneficial response to HIV were: DRB1*1301, DRB1*1302, DRB1*1303 and DRB1*1310, suggesting that the DR13 effect acted as a dominant trait. An additional 6 children were typed only by the SSOP method resulting in 44.4% of 36 long term surviving children with a DR13 allele and none of 14 rapid progressors, p = 0.002, Haldane RR = 23.3. No single DQB1 allele accounted for the HLA-DR13 allele association. In contrast, the presence of HLA A*2301 was associated with rapid progression to AIDS, 4% of long term survivors vs. 57.1% of 7 rapid progressors, p = 0.0006, RR = 0.031. Although the sample size is small, the marked differences in allele frequency along with differences between the peptide binding pockets of the HLA-A9 group of alleles including HLA A*2301 and the remainder of the HLA-A alleles suggest a structural basis for the dominant disadvantageous immune response to HIV conferred by A*2301.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy