This paper describes the influence of mixed poly(tetramethylene oxide) (PTMO) soft segments on microphase separation and morphology, hydrogen bonding, and polymer transitions for a series of alternating polyurea copolymers prepared from a single modified diphenylmethane diisocyanate. The fraction of two PTMO soft segments [with molecular weight = 1000 and 250 g/mol] was systematically varied and incorporated during bulk polymerization. ATR-FTIR spectroscopy confirmed that the intended polymers were synthesized and was used to determine the state of the local hydrogen bonding in these copolymers. Systematic changes in hard domain microstructure as a function of soft segment composition were clearly observed in AFM tapping mode phase images: the polyureas become progressively disordered with increasing content of the shorter PTMO. This was confirmed in a quantitative fashion using small-angle X-ray scattering. Results from dynamic mechanical analysis experiments reveal rather significant changes in dynamic segmental relaxations and storage moduli at 25°C for this series of polyureas, which are in keeping with the findings from other experiments.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry