Influence of moisture on CO 2 separation from gas mixture by a nanoporous adsorbent based on polyethylenimine-modified molecular sieve MCM-41

Xiaochun Xu, Chunshan Song, Bruce G. Miller, Alan W. Scaroni

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299 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adsorption separation of CO 2 from simulated flue gas containing CO 2 , O 2 , and N 2 with and without moisture was investigated using a novel nanoporous adsorbent based on polyethylenimine (PEI)-modified mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41 in a flow system. The CO 2 adsorption capacity and CO 2 separation selectivity of MCM-41 were greatly improved by loading PEI into its nanosized pore channels, which made the resulting adsorbent operating like a "molecular basket" for CO 2 . CO 2 adsorption capacity of the MCM-41-PEI adsorbent for the simulated moist flue gas was higher than that for the simulated dry flue gas. CO 2 separation selectivity of the MCM-41-PEI adsorbent was also improved in the presence of moisture when compared with those in the dry gas condition. The influence of moisture concentrations in the simulated flue gas on the CO 2 adsorption separation performance was also examined. The results of adsorption/desorption separation cycles showed that the MCM-41-PEI adsorbent was stable over 10 cycles of adsorption/desorption operations. The hydrothermal stability of the "molecular basket" adsorbent was better than that of the MCM-41 support alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8113-8119
Number of pages7
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume44
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 12 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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